Linux software management

How software is installed, updated and managed on different Linux distributions

Slackware – Package management
Autore: al – Ultimo Aggiornamento: 2004-12-19 22:41:18 – Data di creazione: 2004-12-19 22:41:18
Tipo Infobox: DISTRO – Skill: 3- INTERMEDIATE
Slackware package management, even if based on a common logic (software packages can be individually installed, listed, upgraded and removed) uses a method that reveals somehow the “older” nature of this distribution.
Slackware packages are divided in different sets, that group software according to various common points. In a distribution CDROM or download site, all the files are contained in directories with the relative set name:
A – The base system. Contains enough software to get up and running and have a text editor and basic communications programs.
AP – Various applications that do not require the X Window System.
D – Program development tools. Compilers, debuggers, interpreters, and man pages. It’s all here.
DES – Includes the GNU libc crypt() function.
E – GNU Emacs. Yes, Emacs is so big it requires its own series.
F – FAQs, HOWTOs, and other miscellaneous documentation.
GTK – The GNOME desktop environment, GTK widget library, and the GIMP.
K – The source code for the Linux kernel.
KDE – The K Desktop Environment. An X environment which shares a lot of look-and-feel features with the MacOS and Windows. The Qt widget library is also in this series, as KDE requires it to function.
N – Networking programs. Daemons, mail programs, telnet, news readers, and so on.
T – teTeX document formatting system.
TCL – The Tool Command Language, Tk, TclX, and TkDesk.
U – Contains packages for programs designed specifically for and that will only run on UltraSPARC systems.
X – The base X Window System.
XAP – X applications that are not part of a major desktop environment. For example Ghostscript and Netscape.
XD – X11 program development. Libraries, server link kit, and PEX support.
XV – XView libraries, the OpenLook Virtual and Non-Virtual window managers, and various other XView applications.
Y – Games (the BSD games collection, Sasteroids, Koules, and Lizards).

Packages are simple tar.gz files (generally with suffix .tgz) that are meant to be uncompacted in the root directory of the filesystem. Each pack’s file and directory structure, in fact, reflexes exactly the positions on the system of the files to be installed. In a .tgz, beside the system directories, there is a special install/ subdirectory with the description of the package and the scripts to be executed at its installation.

An out of the box Slackware installation provides some tools to manage packages:

PKGTOOL is a menu driven program that provides a somehow simple interface to package installation, view and removal. To install one or more packages you just need to specify the location of the directory containing the .tgz files.

INSTALLPKG REMOVEPKG UPGRADEPKG are the command line tools used to install, remove or upgrage a package. A database of installed software is kept in the /var/log/packages/ directory, here there is a file for each package with its description and the list of what has been installed. A list of the eventual post-installation scripts is in /var/log/packages/scripts/. If you want to try the installation on a test directory, change the value of the ROOT environment variable before launching installpkg (this is what is automatically done during Slackware’s installation).
The upgrade procedure first installs the new package, writing its file on the system, then removes any file from the older package that is not present in the new one. It’s always better to make a copy of edited configuration files.

MAKEPKG RPM2TARGZ the first one can be used to create a tgz package, the second one attempts to create a tgz from a rpm file.

Besides these standard tools it is possibile to download more effective utilities to manage and update the software:

SWARET is one of the most knows tools to manage manual or unattended system’s updates. It reads configuration and repository URLS from /etc/swaret.conf, it stores the downloaded tgzs in /var/swaret/ and keeks a log of its activities in /var/log/swaret

SLAPT-GET is the Slack’s way to implement Debian’s apt system for packages. Keeping the use of the native tools (installpkg, upgradepkg, removepkg), it handles recursive dependencies, partial downloads, lists of installable software and multiple sources with different protocols. It keeps configuration files in /etc/slapt-get/ and stores downloaded data in /var/slapt-get/.
Using netselect-apt to find the best apt mirror
Autore: neo – ( Revisione: al ) – Ultimo Aggiornamento: 2004-09-19 22:30:24 – Data di creazione: 2004-09-19 22:30:24
Tipo Infobox: TIPS – Skill: 2- JUNIOR
Netselect-apt is a tool very useful to find the fastest apt mirror from official debian list. It is based on netselect ( http://www.worldvisions.ca/~apenwarr/netselect/ )
Installation with apt-get
eva:~# apt-get install netselect-apt
[…]
The following extra packages will be installed:
netselect
The following NEW packages will be installed:
netselect netselect-apt
[…]
Example of use of netselect-apt to check the best test version mirror
eva:~# netselect-apt test
Retrieving the list of mirrors from http://www.debian.org…
–18:46:36– http://www.debian.org/mirror/mirrors_full
=> `mirrors_full’
[…]
Choosing a main Debian mirror using netselect.
netselect: unknown host debian.kida.net
[…]
Running netselect to choose 1 out of 303 addresses.
The fastest server seems to be:
http://ftp.kulnet.kuleuven.ac.be/debian/

Choosing a non-US Debian mirror using netselect.
netselect: unknown host debian.efis.ucr.ac.cr
netselect: unknown host debian.serveftp.net
netselect: unknown host dennou-t.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp
netselect: unknown host debian.luxadmin.org
netselect: unknown host debian.mps.krakow.pl
netselect: unknown host debian.psu.ru
Running netselect to choose 1 out of 237 addresses.
[…]
The fastest non-US server seems to be:
http://debian.fastweb.it/debian-non-US/

Writing the sources.list in the current directory.
Done.
The new sources.list file created in current directory can be reviewed and inserted in the working configuration
eva:~# cat sources.list
# the main Debian packages. Uncomment the deb-src line if you
# want ‘apt-get source’ to work with most packages.
deb http://ftp.kulnet.kuleuven.ac.be/debian/ test main contrib non-free
# deb-src http://ftp.kulnet.kuleuven.ac.be/debian/ test main contrib non-free

# the non-US Debian packages. Uncomment the deb-src line if you
# want ‘apt-get source’ to work with non-US packages.
deb http://debian.fastweb.it/debian-non-US/ test/non-US main contrib non-free
# deb-src http://debian.fastweb.it/debian-non-US/ test/non-US main contrib non-free
/etc/apt/sources.list
Autore: neo – ( Revisione: al ) – Ultimo Aggiornamento: 2004-09-19 22:33:03 – Data di creazione: 2004-09-19 22:33:03
Tipo Infobox: PATH – Skill: 3- INTERMEDIATE
Here’s a small sample of the configuration file that contains the repository list where apt can download .deb files.
The following example is a source list mostly of italian mirrors.
eva:~# cat /etc/apt/sources.list
deb http://security.debian.org/ stable/updates main
deb ftp://debian.fastweb.it/debian/ testing main contrib non-free
deb-src ftp://debian.fastweb.it/debian/ testing main
You can find best mirror for you here : http://www.debian.org/mirror/mirrors_full .
If you cannot find best solution, netselect tools (http://packages.debian.org/unstable/net/netselect-apt) help you to find mirror with fastest response times.
Fedora – Packages logs
Autore: al – Ultimo Aggiornamento: 2004-09-07 10:07:10 – Data di creazione: 2004-09-07 10:07:10
Tipo Infobox: STDOUT – Skill: 3- INTERMEDIATE
Fedora uses rpm for managing software packages. The list of the installed packages is in /var/log/rpmpkgs, a similiar list is always available with the rpm -qa command.
Fedora provides 2 different methods to update the systems’s software: up2date which connects to Red Hat Network and uses Red Hat’ own update system and yum which can be used also to update packages from different sources and channels. Yum stores its logs in /var/log/yum.log.
[root@vagante /]# cat /var/log/rpmpkgs
4Suite-1.0-1.0.a3.1.i386.rpm
GConf-1.0.9-13.1.i386.rpm
GConf2-2.6.0-7.i386.rpm
Glide3-20010520-30.i386.rpm
Guppi-0.40.3-18.i386.rpm
ImageMagick-5.5.7.15-1.3.i386.rpm
MAKEDEV-3.3.13-1.i386.rpm
ORBit-0.5.17-11.4.1.i386.rpm
ORBit2-2.10.0-4.i386.rpm
Omni-0.9.1-6.i386.rpm
Omni-foomatic-0.9.1-6.i386.rpm
PyXML-0.8.3-4.1.i386.rpm
SDL-1.2.7-3.i386.rpm
SysVinit-2.85-25.i386.rpm
VFlib2-2.25.6-21.i386.rpm
Xaw3d-1.5-21.1.i386.rpm
a2ps-4.13b-37.i386.rpm
a52dec-0.7.4-7.1.fc2.fr.i386.rpm
aalib-1.4.0-5.1.fc2.fr.i386.rpm
acl-2.2.7-5.i386.rpm
acpid-1.0.2-6.i386.rpm
airsnort-0.2.4-0.a.1.fc2.dag.i386.rpm
airtraf-1.1-0.1.fc2.dag.i386.rpm
alchemist-1.0.33-1.i386.rpm
alsa-lib-1.0.3a-2.i386.rpm
alsa-utils-1.0.3-1.i386.rpm
anacron-2.3-30.i386.rpm
ant-1.5.2-26.i386.rpm
ant-core-1.5.2-26.i386.rpm
apmd-3.0.2-22.i386.rpm
apr-0.9.4-11.i386.rpm
apr-util-0.9.4-14.i386.rpm
apt-0.5.15cnc6-1.1.fc2.fr.i386.rpm
arpwatch-2.1a13-1.i386.rpm
arts-1.2.2-2.i386.rpm
ash-0.3.8-18.i386.rpm
aspell-0.50.3-19.1.i386.rpm
aspell-en-0.51-7.1.i386.rpm
at-3.1.8-53.i386.rpm
at-spi-1.4.0-1.i386.rpm
atk-1.6.0-1.i386.rpm
atk-devel-1.6.0-1.i386.rpm
attr-2.4.1-4.i386.rpm
audiofile-0.2.5-1.1.i386.rpm
aumix-2.8-8.i386.rpm
authconfig-4.6.2-1.i386.rpm
authconfig-gtk-4.6.2-1.i386.rpm
autoconf-2.59-3.noarch.rpm
autofs-4.1.2-2.i386.rpm
automake-1.8.3-1.noarch.rpm
automake14-1.4p6-9.noarch.rpm
automake15-1.5-10.noarch.rpm
automake16-1.6.3-2.noarch.rpm
automake17-1.7.9-2.noarch.rpm
autorun-3.13-1.i386.rpm
basesystem-8.0-3.noarch.rpm
bash-2.05b-38.i386.rpm
bc-1.06-16.1.i386.rpm
bcel-5.0-13.i386.rpm
beecrypt-3.1.0-3.i386.rpm
bind-9.2.3-13.i386.rpm
bind-libs-9.2.3-13.i386.rpm
bind-utils-9.2.3-13.i386.rpm
binutils-2.15.90.0.3-5.i386.rpm
bison-1.875c-1.i386.rpm
bitmap-fonts-0.3-3.noarch.rpm
bitstream-vera-fonts-1.10-3.noarch.rpm
bochs-2.1.1-1.1.fc2.dag.i386.rpm
bonobo-1.0.22-8.1.i386.rpm
boost-1.31.0-7.i386.rpm
boost-devel-1.31.0-7.i386.rpm
byacc-1.9-27.i386.rpm
bzip2-1.0.2-12.1.i386.rpm
bzip2-devel-1.0.2-12.1.i386.rpm
bzip2-libs-1.0.2-12.1.i386.rpm
caching-nameserver-7.2-12.noarch.rpm
cdda2wav-2.01-0.a27.4.FC2.1.i386.rpm
cdecl-2.5-29.i386.rpm
cdlabelgen-2.6.1-2.noarch.rpm
cdp-0.33-31.i386.rpm
cdparanoia-alpha9.8-20.1.i386.rpm
cdparanoia-libs-alpha9.8-20.1.i386.rpm
cdrecord-2.01-0.a27.4.FC2.1.i386.rpm
chkconfig-1.3.9-1.1.i386.rpm
chkfontpath-1.10.0-1.i386.rpm
ckermit-8.0.209-7.i386.rpm
clamav-0.71-1.1.fc2.dag.i386.rpm
clamav-db-0.71-1.1.fc2.dag.i386.rpm
clamav-milter-0.71-1.1.fc2.dag.i386.rpm
clamd-0.71-1.1.fc2.dag.i386.rpm
commons-beanutils-1.6.1-13.i386.rpm
commons-collections-2.1-12.i386.rpm
commons-digester-1.4.1-13.i386.rpm
commons-logging-1.0.2-15.i386.rpm
commons-modeler-1.0-8.i386.rpm
comps-2-0.20040513.i386.rpm
comps-extras-9.92-1.noarch.rpm
control-center-2.6.1-3.i386.rpm
coreutils-5.2.1-7.i386.rpm
cpio-2.5-6.i386.rpm
cpp-3.3.3-7.i386.rpm
cracklib-2.7-27.1.i386.rpm
cracklib-dicts-2.7-27.1.i386.rpm
crontabs-1.10-6.noarch.rpm
ctags-5.5.2-2.i386.rpm
cups-1.1.20-11.1.i386.rpm
cups-libs-1.1.20-11.1.i386.rpm
curl-7.11.1-1.i386.rpm
curl-devel-7.11.1-1.i386.rpm
cvs-1.11.17-2.i386.rpm
cyrus-sasl-2.1.18-2.i386.rpm
cyrus-sasl-devel-2.1.18-2.i386.rpm
cyrus-sasl-md5-2.1.18-2.i386.rpm
cyrus-sasl-plain-2.1.18-2.i386.rpm
db4-4.2.52-3.1.i386.rpm
db4-devel-4.2.52-3.1.i386.rpm
db4-utils-4.2.52-3.1.i386.rpm
dbus-0.20-4.1.i386.rpm
dbus-glib-0.20-4.1.i386.rpm
desktop-backgrounds-basic-2.0-20.noarch.rpm
desktop-backgrounds-extra-2.0-20.noarch.rpm
desktop-file-utils-0.4-2.i386.rpm
desktop-printing-0.1.10-26.i386.rpm
dev-3.3.13-1.i386.rpm
device-mapper-1.00.14-3.i386.rpm
devlabel-0.42.05-3.1.i386.rpm
dhclient-3.0.1rc14-1.i386.rpm
dhcp-3.0.1rc14-1.i386.rpm
dia-0.93-1.1.fc2.dag.i386.rpm
dialog-0.9b-20031207.2.i386.rpm
diffstat-1.31-4.i386.rpm
diffutils-2.8.1-11.i386.rpm
distcache-1.4.5-2.i386.rpm
dnstracer-1.7-1.1.fc2.dag.i386.rpm
docbook-dtds-1.0-24.noarch.rpm
dos2unix-3.1-17.i386.rpm
dosfstools-2.8-12.i386.rpm
dovecot-0.99.10.5-0.FC2.i386.rpm
doxygen-1.3.6-2.i386.rpm
dump-0.4b33-3.i386.rpm
dvd+rw-tools-5.17.4.8.6-2.i386.rpm
dvdauthor-0.6.10-1.1.fc2.dag.i386.rpm
dvgrab-1.5-2.i386.rpm
e2fsprogs-1.35-7.1.i386.rpm
e2fsprogs-devel-1.35-7.1.i386.rpm
ed-0.2-35.i386.rpm
eel2-2.6.0-1.i386.rpm
eject-2.0.13-5.i386.rpm
elfutils-0.95-2.i386.rpm
elfutils-libelf-0.95-2.i386.rpm
elinks-0.9.1-1.i386.rpm
emacs-21.3-12.i386.rpm
emacs-common-21.3-12.i386.rpm
emacs-leim-21.3-12.i386.rpm
enscript-1.6.1-25.i386.rpm
eog-2.6.0-2.i386.rpm
epiphany-1.2.7-0.2.0.i386.rpm
esound-0.2.34-2.i386.rpm
etherape-0.9.0-1.1.fc2.dag.i386.rpm
ethereal-0.10.5-0.2.2.i386.rpm
ethereal-gnome-0.10.5-0.2.2.i386.rpm
ethtool-1.8-3.1.i386.rpm
ettercap-0.6.9-0.b.1.fc2.dag.i386.rpm
expat-1.95.7-1.1.i386.rpm
expat-devel-1.95.7-1.1.i386.rpm
faad2-2.0-1.1.fc2.fr.i386.rpm
fam-2.6.10-9.FC2.i386.rpm
fam-devel-2.6.10-9.FC2.i386.rpm
fbset-2.1-15.i386.rpm
fedora-logos-1.1.24-1.noarch.rpm
fedora-release-2-4.i386.rpm
fetchmail-6.2.5-2.i386.rpm
file-4.07-4.i386.rpm
file-roller-2.6.0-1.i386.rpm
filesystem-2.2.4-1.i386.rpm
findutils-4.1.7-25.i386.rpm
finger-0.17-24.i386.rpm
firefox-0.8-2.1.fc2.dag.i386.rpm
firstboot-1.3.14-1.noarch.rpm
flac-1.1.0-4.i386.rpm
flex-2.5.4a-31.1.i386.rpm
fontconfig-2.2.1-10.i386.rpm
fontconfig-devel-2.2.1-10.i386.rpm
foomatic-3.0.1-3.i386.rpm
freeglut-2.2.0-11.i386.rpm
freetype-2.1.7-4.i386.rpm
freetype-devel-2.1.7-4.i386.rpm
ftp-0.17-21.i386.rpm
g-wrap-1.3.4-5.1.i386.rpm
gail-1.6.0-1.i386.rpm
gaim-0.82-0.FC2.i386.rpm
gal-0.24-3.1.i386.rpm
gawk-3.1.3-7.i386.rpm
gcc-3.3.3-7.i386.rpm
gcc-c++-3.3.3-7.i386.rpm
gcc-g77-3.3.3-7.i386.rpm
gcc-gnat-3.3.3-7.i386.rpm
gcc-java-3.3.3-7.i386.rpm
gcc34-3.4.0-1.i386.rpm
gcc34-java-3.4.0-1.i386.rpm
gconf-editor-2.6.0-1.i386.rpm
gd-2.0.21-3.i386.rpm
gdb-6.0post-0.20040223.19.i386.rpm
gdbm-1.8.0-22.1.i386.rpm
gdbm-devel-1.8.0-22.1.i386.rpm
gdk-pixbuf-0.22.0-5.0.1.i386.rpm
gdk-pixbuf-gnome-0.22.0-5.0.1.i386.rpm
gdm-2.6.0.0-3.i386.rpm
gedit-2.6.0-4.i386.rpm
gettext-0.14.1-2.1.i386.rpm
ggv-2.6.0-2.i386.rpm
ghostscript-7.07-25.i386.rpm
ghostscript-fonts-5.50-11.noarch.rpm
gimp-2.0.4-0.fc2.1.i386.rpm
gimp-data-extras-1.2.0-11.noarch.rpm
gimp-print-4.2.6-11.i386.rpm
gimp-print-plugin-4.2.6-11.i386.rpm
gimp-print-utils-4.2.6-11.i386.rpm
gkrellm-2.2.2-1.1.fc2.fr.i386.rpm
glib-1.2.10-12.1.1.i386.rpm
glib-devel-1.2.10-12.1.1.i386.rpm
glib2-2.4.0-1.i386.rpm
glib2-devel-2.4.0-1.i386.rpm
glibc-2.3.3-27.i686.rpm
glibc-common-2.3.3-27.i386.rpm
glibc-devel-2.3.3-27.i386.rpm
glibc-headers-2.3.3-27.i386.rpm
glibc-kernheaders-2.4-8.44.i386.rpm
gmp-4.1.2-14.i386.rpm
gmp-devel-4.1.2-14.i386.rpm
gnome-applets-2.6.2.1-1.i386.rpm
gnome-audio-1.4.0-7.noarch.rpm
gnome-desktop-2.6.0.1-1.i386.rpm
gnome-icon-theme-1.2.0-1.noarch.rpm
gnome-keyring-0.2.0-1.i386.rpm
gnome-libs-1.4.1.2.90-40.i386.rpm
gnome-mag-0.10.10-2.i386.rpm
gnome-media-2.6.0-1.i386.rpm
gnome-mime-data-2.4.1-4.i386.rpm
gnome-panel-2.6.0-9.i386.rpm
gnome-pilot-2.0.10-6.1.i386.rpm
gnome-print-0.37-9.i386.rpm
gnome-python2-2.0.0-4.1.i386.rpm
gnome-python2-bonobo-2.0.0-4.1.i386.rpm
gnome-python2-canvas-2.0.0-4.1.i386.rpm
gnome-python2-gtkhtml2-2.0.0-4.1.i386.rpm
gnome-session-2.6.0-4.i386.rpm
gnome-system-monitor-2.6.0-3.i386.rpm
gnome-terminal-2.6.0-2.i386.rpm
gnome-themes-2.6.0-2.i386.rpm
gnome-user-docs-2.6.0.1-2.noarch.rpm
gnome-utils-2.6.0-2.i386.rpm
gnome-vfs-1.0.5-18.i386.rpm
gnome-vfs-extras-0.2.0-8.1.i386.rpm
gnome-vfs2-2.6.0-8.i386.rpm
gnome-vfs2-smb-2.6.0-8.i386.rpm
gnomemeeting-1.0.2-2.i386.rpm
gnucash-1.8.9-1.i386.rpm
gnupg-1.2.4-2.1.i386.rpm
gnuplot-3.7.3-5.i386.rpm
gok-0.10.2-1.i386.rpm
gpdf-0.131-2.i386.rpm
gpg-pubkey-4f2a6fd2-3f9d9d3b.(none).rpm
gpg-pubkey-db42a60e-37ea5438.(none).rpm
gpg-pubkey-db42a60e-37ea5438.(none).rpm
gpg-pubkey-e42d547b-3960bdf1.(none).rpm
gpg-pubkey-e42d547b-3960bdf1.(none).rpm
gphoto2-2.1.4-2.1.i386.rpm
gpm-1.20.1-49.i386.rpm
gpm-devel-1.20.1-49.i386.rpm
grep-2.5.1-26.i386.rpm
grip-3.2.0-2.1.fc2.fr.i386.rpm
groff-1.18.1-34.i386.rpm
grub-0.94-5.i386.rpm
gstreamer-0.8.3-2.i386.rpm
gstreamer-plugins-0.8.2-2.1.i386.rpm
gsubedit-0.3.20020604-0.1.fc2.dag.i386.rpm
gthumb-2.4.1-1.1.fc2.fr.i386.rpm
gtk+-1.2.10-29.1.1.i386.rpm
gtk+-devel-1.2.10-29.1.1.i386.rpm
gtk-engines-0.12-3.0.1.i386.rpm
gtk2-2.4.0-1.i386.rpm
gtk2-devel-2.4.0-1.i386.rpm
gtk2-engines-2.2.0-5.i386.rpm
gtkam-0.1.11-2.i386.rpm
gtkam-gimp-0.1.11-2.i386.rpm
gtkhtml-1.1.9-8.i386.rpm
gtkhtml2-2.6.0-1.i386.rpm
gtksourceview-1.0.0-2.i386.rpm
gtkspell-2.0.4-4.1.i386.rpm
guile-1.6.4-11.i386.rpm
gzip-1.3.3-12.i386.rpm
hdparm-5.5-1.i386.rpm
hesiod-3.0.2-29.1.i386.rpm
hesiod-devel-3.0.2-29.1.i386.rpm
hicolor-icon-theme-0.3-2.noarch.rpm
hotplug-2004_04_01-1.i386.rpm
hpijs-1.6-1.i386.rpm
htdig-3.2.0b5-7.i386.rpm
htmlview-3.0.0-4.noarch.rpm
httpd-2.0.50-2.1.i386.rpm
httpd-manual-2.0.50-2.1.i386.rpm
hwbrowser-0.15-3.noarch.rpm
hwcrypto-1.0-15.i386.rpm
hwdata-0.120-1.noarch.rpm
id3lib-3.8.3-6.1.fc2.fr.i386.rpm
iiimf-client-lib-11.4-46.1.svn1587.i386.rpm
iiimf-client-lib-devel-11.4-46.1.svn1587.i386.rpm
iiimf-protocol-lib-11.4-46.1.svn1587.i386.rpm
iiimf-protocol-lib-devel-11.4-46.1.svn1587.i386.rpm
imlib-1.9.13-15.1.i386.rpm
indent-2.2.9-5.i386.rpm
info-4.7-4.i386.rpm
initscripts-7.55.1-1.i386.rpm
intltool-0.30-1.i386.rpm
iproute-2.4.7-14.i386.rpm
iptables-1.2.9-2.3.1.i386.rpm
iputils-20020927-13.i386.rpm
irda-utils-0.9.15-5.i386.rpm
isdn4k-utils-3.2-13.p1.1.i386.rpm
jaf-20030319-4.i386.rpm
jakarta-regexp-1.2-15.i386.rpm
javamail-20031006-4.i386.rpm
junit-3.8.1-4.i386.rpm
jwhois-3.2.2-3.i386.rpm
k3b-0.11.12-1.i386.rpm
kbd-1.12-1.i386.rpm
kdeaddons-3.2.2-1.i386.rpm
kdeadmin-3.2.2-2.i386.rpm
kdeartwork-3.2.2-1.i386.rpm
kdebase-3.2.2-4.i386.rpm
kdegraphics-3.2.2-1.i386.rpm
kdelibs-3.2.2-6.i386.rpm
kdemultimedia-3.2.2-2.i386.rpm
kdenetwork-3.2.2-1.i386.rpm
kdepim-3.2.2-2.i386.rpm
kdeutils-3.2.2-3.i386.rpm
kernel-2.6.5-1.358.8kstacks.i686.rpm
kernel-2.6.5-1.358.i686.rpm
kernel-smp-2.6.5-1.358.8kstacks.i686.rpm
kernel-smp-2.6.5-1.358.i686.rpm
kernel-source-2.6.5-1.358.i386.rpm
kernel-utils-2.4-9.1.131.i386.rpm
kismet-3.0.1-1.200404r1.1.fc2.dag.i386.rpm
krb5-devel-1.3.4-6.i386.rpm
krb5-libs-1.3.4-6.i386.rpm
krbafs-1.2.2-2.1.i386.rpm
krbafs-devel-1.2.2-2.1.i386.rpm
kudzu-1.1.62-1.i386.rpm
kudzu-devel-1.1.62-1.i386.rpm
lame-3.96-1.1.fc2.fr.i386.rpm
less-382-3.i386.rpm
lftp-3.0.4-1.1.fc2.dag.i386.rpm
lha-1.14i-14.i386.rpm
libIDL-0.8.3-2.1.i386.rpm
libacl-2.2.7-5.i386.rpm
libacl-devel-2.2.7-5.i386.rpm
libao-0.8.4-2.1.i386.rpm
libart_lgpl-2.3.16-2.1.i386.rpm
libattr-2.4.1-4.i386.rpm
libattr-devel-2.4.1-4.i386.rpm
libavc1394-0.4.1-1.1.i386.rpm
libbonobo-2.6.2-1.i386.rpm
libbonoboui-2.6.0-1.i386.rpm
libcap-1.10-18.1.i386.rpm
libcap-devel-1.10-18.1.i386.rpm
libcroco-0.4.0-4.i386.rpm
libdv-0.102-1.i386.rpm
libdvdcss-1.2.8-4.1.fc2.fr.i386.rpm
libdvdread-0.9.4-5.1.fc2.fr.i386.rpm
libexif-0.5.12-2.1.i386.rpm
libf2c-3.3.3-7.i386.rpm
libfame-0.9.1-1.1.fc2.fr.i386.rpm
libgail-gnome-1.0.2-3.1.i386.rpm
libgal23-0.24-3.1.i386.rpm
libgcc-3.3.3-7.i386.rpm
libgcj-3.3.3-7.i386.rpm
libgcj-devel-3.3.3-7.i386.rpm
libgcj34-3.4.0-1.i386.rpm
libgcj34-devel-3.4.0-1.i386.rpm
libghttp-1.0.9-9.1.1.i386.rpm
libglade-0.17-13.2.1.i386.rpm
libglade2-2.3.6-1.i386.rpm
libgnat-3.3.3-7.i386.rpm
libgnome-2.6.0-3.i386.rpm
libgnomecanvas-2.6.0-1.i386.rpm
libgnomecups-0.1.6-7.i386.rpm
libgnomeprint15-0.37-9.i386.rpm
libgnomeprint22-2.6.0-1.i386.rpm
libgnomeprintui22-2.6.0-1.i386.rpm
libgnomeui-2.6.0-3.i386.rpm
libgsf-1.9.0-2.i386.rpm
libgtop2-2.5.2-2.i386.rpm
libieee1284-0.2.8-2.1.i386.rpm
libjpeg-6b-31.1.i386.rpm
libjpeg-devel-6b-31.1.i386.rpm
libmad-0.15.1b-2.1.fc2.fr.i386.rpm
libmng-1.0.4-5.1.i386.rpm
libmng-devel-1.0.4-5.1.i386.rpm
libmusicbrainz-2.0.2-7.1.i386.rpm
libofx-0.6.6-1.i386.rpm
libogg-1.1-2.1.i386.rpm
libogg-devel-1.1-2.1.i386.rpm
libpcap-0.8.3-3.i386.rpm
libpng-1.2.5-8.i386.rpm
libpng-devel-1.2.5-8.i386.rpm
libpng10-1.0.15-8.i386.rpm
libpostproc-1.0-0.11.pre5.1.fc2.fr.i386.rpm
libquicktime-0.9.3-1.1.fc2.fr.i586.rpm
libraw1394-0.10.1-1.i386.rpm
librsvg2-2.6.4-2.i386.rpm
libselinux-1.11.4-1.i386.rpm
libselinux-devel-1.11.4-1.i386.rpm
libstdc++-3.3.3-7.i386.rpm
libstdc++-devel-3.3.3-7.i386.rpm
libtermcap-2.0.8-38.i386.rpm
libtermcap-devel-2.0.8-38.i386.rpm
libtiff-3.5.7-16.1.i386.rpm
libtool-1.5.6-1.i386.rpm
libtool-libs-1.5.6-1.i386.rpm
libungif-4.1.0-17.1.i386.rpm
libusb-0.1.8-2.1.i386.rpm
libusb-devel-0.1.8-2.1.i386.rpm
libuser-0.51.7-7.1.1.i386.rpm
libuser-devel-0.51.7-7.1.1.i386.rpm
libvorbis-1.0.1-2.1.i386.rpm
libvorbis-devel-1.0.1-2.1.i386.rpm
libwnck-2.6.0.1-3.i386.rpm
libwvstreams-3.70-13.1.i386.rpm
libxklavier-1.02-1.i386.rpm
libxml-1.8.17-10.1.1.i386.rpm
libxml2-2.6.8-1.i386.rpm
libxml2-devel-2.6.8-1.i386.rpm
libxml2-python-2.6.8-1.i386.rpm
libxslt-1.1.5-1.i386.rpm
linc-1.0.3-3.1.i386.rpm
lirc-0.6.6-2.1.fc2.fr.i386.rpm
lm_sensors-2.8.6-1.i386.rpm
lockdev-1.0.1-2.3.1.i386.rpm
lockdev-devel-1.0.1-2.3.1.i386.rpm
logrotate-3.7-4.1.i386.rpm
logwatch-5.1-3.noarch.rpm
lrzsz-0.12.20-18.i386.rpm
lsof-4.68-2.i386.rpm
ltrace-0.3.32-2.i386.rpm
lvm2-2.00.15-2.i386.rpm
lynx-2.8.5-15.i386.rpm
lzo-1.08-3.1.fc2.fr.i386.rpm
m4-1.4.1-15.i386.rpm
magicdev-1.1.6-1.i386.rpm
mailcap-2.1.15-1.noarch.rpm
mailman-2.1.5-7.i386.rpm
mailx-8.1.1-32.i386.rpm
make-3.80-3.i386.rpm
man-1.5m2-6.i386.rpm
man-pages-1.66-2.noarch.rpm
mc-4.6.0-17.fc2.i386.rpm
mdadm-1.5.0-3.i386.rpm
memprof-0.5.1-4.2.i386.rpm
memtest86+-1.11-2.i386.rpm
metacity-2.8.1-2.i386.rpm
mikmod-3.1.6-24.1.i386.rpm
mingetty-1.07-2.i386.rpm
minicom-2.00.0-18.1.i386.rpm
mjpegtools-1.6.2-3.1.fc2.fr.i686.rpm
mkbootdisk-1.5.1-1.1.i386.rpm
mkinitrd-3.5.22-1.i386.rpm
mkisofs-2.01-0.a27.4.FC2.1.i386.rpm
mktemp-1.5-7.i386.rpm
mod_auth_mysql-20030510-4.1.i386.rpm
mod_perl-1.99_12-2.1.i386.rpm
mod_python-3.1.3-1.fc2.1.i386.rpm
mod_ssl-2.0.50-2.1.i386.rpm
modutils-2.4.26-16.i386.rpm
mozilla-1.7.2-0.2.0.i386.rpm
mozilla-dom-inspector-1.7.2-0.2.0.i386.rpm
mozilla-mail-1.7.2-0.2.0.i386.rpm
mozilla-nspr-1.7.2-0.2.0.i386.rpm
mozilla-nss-1.7.2-0.2.0.i386.rpm
mpage-2.5.3-7.i386.rpm
mplayer-1.0-0.11.pre5.1.fc2.fr.i386.rpm
mplayer-fonts-1.1-2.1.fc2.dag.noarch.rpm
mrtg-2.10.5-3.i386.rpm
mt-st-0.7-13.1.i386.rpm
mtools-3.9.9-8.i386.rpm
mtr-0.54-5.i386.rpm
mx4j-1.1.1-9.i386.rpm
mysql-3.23.58-9.i386.rpm
mysql-server-3.23.58-9.i386.rpm
nano-1.2.3-1.i386.rpm
nautilus-2.6.0-4.i386.rpm
nautilus-cd-burner-2.6.0-2.i386.rpm
nautilus-media-0.8.0-1.i386.rpm
nc-1.10-20.i386.rpm
ncftp-3.1.7-2.i386.rpm
ncurses-5.4-5.i386.rpm
ncurses-devel-5.4-5.i386.rpm
net-snmp-5.1.1-2.i386.rpm
net-snmp-utils-5.1.1-2.i386.rpm
net-tools-1.60-25.1.i386.rpm
netconfig-0.8.20-1.1.1.i386.rpm
netdump-0.6.9-3.1.i386.rpm
netpbm-10.19-7.i386.rpm
netpbm-progs-10.19-7.i386.rpm
newt-0.51.6-2.1.1.i386.rpm
newt-devel-0.51.6-2.1.1.i386.rpm
nfs-utils-1.0.6-22.i386.rpm
nmap-3.50-3.i386.rpm
nmap-frontend-3.50-3.i386.rpm
nscd-2.3.3-27.i386.rpm
nss_ldap-217-1.i386.rpm
ntp-4.2.0-7.i386.rpm
ntsysv-1.3.9-1.1.i386.rpm
oaf-0.6.10-9.1.i386.rpm
ogle-0.9.2-2.1.fc2.fr.i386.rpm
openh323-1.13.4-2.i386.rpm
openhbci-0.9.14-2.i386.rpm
openjade-1.3.2-11.1.i386.rpm
openldap-2.1.29-1.i386.rpm
openldap-clients-2.1.29-1.i386.rpm
openldap-devel-2.1.29-1.i386.rpm
openmotif-2.2.3-4.1.i386.rpm
openoffice.org-1.1.1-4.i386.rpm
openoffice.org-i18n-1.1.1-4.i386.rpm
openoffice.org-libs-1.1.1-4.i386.rpm
openssh-3.6.1p2-34.i386.rpm
openssh-askpass-3.6.1p2-34.i386.rpm
openssh-askpass-gnome-3.6.1p2-34.i386.rpm
openssh-clients-3.6.1p2-34.i386.rpm
openssh-server-3.6.1p2-34.i386.rpm
openssl-0.9.7a-35.i686.rpm
openssl-devel-0.9.7a-35.i386.rpm
oprofile-0.8-0.20040121.3.i386.rpm
pam-0.77-40.i386.rpm
pam-devel-0.77-40.i386.rpm
pam_krb5-2.0.10-1.i386.rpm
pam_smb-1.1.7-3.1.i386.rpm
pango-1.4.0-2.i386.rpm
pango-devel-1.4.0-2.i386.rpm
parted-1.6.9-3.i386.rpm
passwd-0.68-8.1.i386.rpm
patch-2.5.4-19.i386.rpm
patchutils-0.2.29-2.i386.rpm
pax-3.0-8.i386.rpm
pciutils-2.1.99.test3-1.1.i386.rpm
pciutils-devel-2.1.99.test3-1.1.i386.rpm
pcmcia-cs-3.2.7-1.5.i386.rpm
pcre-4.5-2.i386.rpm
perl-5.8.3-18.i386.rpm
perl-Convert-BER-1.31.01-1.1.fc2.dag.noarch.rpm
perl-DBD-MySQL-2.9003-4.i386.rpm
perl-DBI-1.40-4.i386.rpm
perl-DateManip-5.42a-1.noarch.rpm
perl-Digest-HMAC-1.01-12.noarch.rpm
perl-Digest-SHA1-2.07-4.i386.rpm
perl-Filter-1.30-5.i386.rpm
perl-HTML-Parser-3.35-5.i386.rpm
perl-HTML-Tagset-3.03-29.noarch.rpm
perl-MIME-Lite-2.117-2.1.fc2.dag.i386.rpm
perl-Mon-0.11-1.1.fc2.dag.noarch.rpm
perl-Net-DNS-0.45-3.i386.rpm
perl-Net-SSLeay-1.23-0.1.fc2.dag.i386.rpm
perl-Parse-Yapp-1.05-31.noarch.rpm
perl-Time-HiRes-1.55-2.i386.rpm
perl-URI-1.30-1.noarch.rpm
perl-XML-Dumper-0.71-1.noarch.rpm
perl-XML-Encoding-1.01-25.noarch.rpm
perl-XML-Parser-2.34-2.i386.rpm
perl-libwww-perl-5.79-1.noarch.rpm
perl-libxml-enno-1.02-30.noarch.rpm
perl-libxml-perl-0.07-29.noarch.rpm
php-4.3.8-2.1.i386.rpm
php-acid-0.9.6b22-1.1.fc2.dag.noarch.rpm
php-adodb-4.22-1.1.fc2.dag.noarch.rpm
php-jpgraph-1.14-1.1.fc2.dag.noarch.rpm
php-ldap-4.3.8-2.1.i386.rpm
php-mbstring-4.3.8-2.1.i386.rpm
php-mysql-4.3.8-2.1.i386.rpm
php-pear-4.3.8-2.1.i386.rpm
pilot-link-0.11.8-3.1.i386.rpm
pinfo-0.6.8-4.i386.rpm
pkgconfig-0.15.0-1.1.i386.rpm
pnm2ppa-1.04-10.i386.rpm
policy-1.11.3-3.noarch.rpm
policycoreutils-1.11-2.i386.rpm
popt-1.9.1-0.3.i386.rpm
portmap-4.0-59.i386.rpm
postfix-2.0.18-4.i386.rpm
ppp-2.4.2-3.FC2.1.i386.rpm
prelink-0.3.2-1.i386.rpm
printman-0.0.1-2.20021202.17.i386.rpm
procmail-3.22-13.i386.rpm
procps-3.2.0-1.1.i386.rpm
psacct-6.3.2-29.i386.rpm
psgml-1.2.5-2.noarch.rpm
psmisc-21.4-2.i386.rpm
pstack-1.2-3.1.i386.rpm
psutils-1.17-22.i386.rpm
pwlib-1.6.5-1.i386.rpm
pyOpenSSL-0.5.1-21.1.i386.rpm
pygtk2-2.2.0-1.i386.rpm
pygtk2-libglade-2.2.0-1.i386.rpm
pyorbit-2.0.0-3.1.i386.rpm
pyparted-1.6.6-2.i386.rpm
python-2.3.3-6.i386.rpm
python-devel-2.3.3-6.i386.rpm
python-optik-1.4.1-5.noarch.rpm
pyxf86config-0.3.18-2.i386.rpm
qt-3.3.3-0.1.i386.rpm
qt-devel-3.3.3-0.1.i386.rpm
quota-3.10-2.i386.rpm
raidtools-1.00.3-8.i386.rpm
rcs-5.7-24.i386.rpm
rdate-1.3-3.1.i386.rpm
rdesktop-1.3.1-3.i386.rpm
rdist-6.1.5-32.i386.rpm
readline-4.3-10.1.i386.rpm
readline-devel-4.3-10.1.i386.rpm
redhat-artwork-0.96-1.i386.rpm
redhat-java-rpm-scripts-1.0.3-2.noarch.rpm
redhat-menus-1.4.1-1.noarch.rpm
redhat-rpm-config-8.0.28-1.1.1.noarch.rpm
rhgb-0.11.2-6.i386.rpm
rhn-applet-2.1.7-1.1.i386.rpm
rhnlib-1.5-1.1.noarch.rpm
rhpl-0.143-1.i386.rpm
rhythmbox-0.8.5-0.1.fc2.fr.i386.rpm
rip-0.1-1.i386.rpm
rmt-0.4b33-3.i386.rpm
rootfiles-7.2-7.noarch.rpm
rp-pppoe-3.5-14.i386.rpm
rpm-4.3.1-0.3.i386.rpm
rpm-build-4.3.1-0.3.i386.rpm
rpm-devel-4.3.1-0.3.i386.rpm
rpm-python-4.3.1-0.3.i386.rpm
rsh-0.17-21.i386.rpm
rsync-2.6.2-1.fc2.0.i386.rpm
samba-3.0.6-2.fc2.i386.rpm
samba-client-3.0.6-2.fc2.i386.rpm
samba-common-3.0.6-2.fc2.i386.rpm
sane-backends-1.0.13-7.i386.rpm
sane-frontends-1.0.11-4.i386.rpm
schedutils-1.3.0-6.i386.rpm
screen-4.0.2-2.i386.rpm
scrollkeeper-0.3.14-2.1.i386.rpm
sed-4.0.8-4.i386.rpm
sendmail-8.12.11-4.6.i386.rpm
sendmail-cf-8.12.11-4.6.i386.rpm
setarch-1.4-1.i386.rpm
setserial-2.17-15.i386.rpm
setup-2.5.33-1.noarch.rpm
setuptool-1.15-1.i386.rpm
sgml-common-0.6.3-16.noarch.rpm
shadow-utils-4.0.3-21.i386.rpm
shapecfg-2.2.12-15.i386.rpm
shared-mime-info-0.14-1.i386.rpm
sharutils-4.2.1-18.i386.rpm
slang-1.4.9-3.1.i386.rpm
slang-devel-1.4.9-3.1.i386.rpm
slocate-2.7-9.i386.rpm
smb4k-0.3.1-1.1.fc2.dag.i386.rpm
snort-2.1.2-2.1.fc2.dag.i386.rpm
snort-mysql-2.1.2-2.1.fc2.dag.i386.rpm
snort-rep-1.10-2.1.fc2.dag.i386.rpm
snortalog-2.2.1-1.1.fc2.dag.i386.rpm
sound-juicer-0.5.11-1.1.fc2.dag.i386.rpm
sox-12.17.4-4.fc2.i386.rpm
spamassassin-2.63-8.i386.rpm
specspo-9.0.92-1.1.noarch.rpm
speex-1.0.3-2.1.i386.rpm
splint-3.1.1-3.i386.rpm
squid-2.5.STABLE5-4.fc2.i386.rpm
squirrelmail-1.4.3-1.noarch.rpm
star-1.5a25-5.i386.rpm
startup-notification-0.6-2.i386.rpm
statserial-1.1-34.i386.rpm
strace-4.5.5-1.i386.rpm
stunnel-4.05-1.i386.rpm
sudo-1.6.7p5-26.i386.rpm
swig-1.3.19-6.1.i386.rpm
switchdesk-4.0.3-1.noarch.rpm
symlinks-1.2-21.i386.rpm
synaptic-0.52-1.1.fc2.fr.i386.rpm
sysklogd-1.4.1-16.i386.rpm
syslinux-2.09-1.1.fc2.dag.i386.rpm
system-config-bind-2.0.2-5.noarch.rpm
system-config-boot-0.2.5-1.i386.rpm
system-config-date-1.7.3.1-0.fc2.1.noarch.rpm
system-config-display-1.0.14-1.noarch.rpm
system-config-httpd-1.2.0-3.noarch.rpm
system-config-keyboard-1.2.1-2.noarch.rpm
system-config-kickstart-2.5.11-1.noarch.rpm
system-config-language-1.1.5-2.noarch.rpm
system-config-mouse-1.2.6-2.noarch.rpm
system-config-network-1.3.17-0.FC2.1.noarch.rpm
system-config-network-tui-1.3.17-0.FC2.1.noarch.rpm
system-config-nfs-1.2.3-2.noarch.rpm
system-config-packages-1.2.12-1.noarch.rpm
system-config-printer-0.6.98-1.i386.rpm
system-config-printer-gui-0.6.98-1.i386.rpm
system-config-rootpassword-1.1.3-2.noarch.rpm
system-config-samba-1.2.9-2.noarch.rpm
system-config-securitylevel-1.3.12-1.i386.rpm
system-config-securitylevel-tui-1.3.12-1.i386.rpm
system-config-services-0.8.8-8.noarch.rpm
system-config-soundcard-1.2.8-1.noarch.rpm
system-config-users-1.2.13-1.noarch.rpm
system-logviewer-0.9.7-1.noarch.rpm
talk-0.17-23.i386.rpm
tar-1.13.25-14.i386.rpm
tcp_wrappers-7.6-36.i386.rpm
tcpdump-3.8.2-3.i386.rpm
tcpflow-0.21-1.1.fc2.dag.i386.rpm
tcptrack-1.1.1-1.1.fc2.dag.i386.rpm
tcsh-6.12-8.i386.rpm
telnet-0.17-28.i386.rpm
termcap-11.0.1-18.1.noarch.rpm
texinfo-4.7-4.i386.rpm
time-1.7-24.i386.rpm
tmpwatch-2.9.0-2.1.i386.rpm
tora-1.3.13-2.1.i386.rpm
traceroute-1.4a12-21.1.i386.rpm
tsclient-0.132-2.2.i386.rpm
ttfprint-0.9-12.i386.rpm

ttmkfdir-3.0.9-11.i386.rpm
ttywatch-0.13-1.1.fc2.dag.i386.rpm
tux-3.2.18-1.i386.rpm
tzdata-2004b-1.fc2.noarch.rpm
umb-scheme-3.2-32.i386.rpm
units-1.80-9.i386.rpm
unix2dos-2.2-21.i386.rpm
unixODBC-2.2.8-5.i386.rpm
unzip-5.50-37.i386.rpm
up2date-4.3.19-1.i386.rpm
up2date-gnome-4.3.19-1.i386.rpm
urw-fonts-2.1-7.noarch.rpm
usbutils-0.11-4.i386.rpm
usermode-1.70-2.i386.rpm
usermode-gtk-1.70-2.i386.rpm
utempter-0.5.5-4.i386.rpm
util-linux-2.12-18.i386.rpm
vconfig-1.8-2.i386.rpm
vim-X11-6.2.457-1.i386.rpm
vim-common-6.2.457-1.i386.rpm
vim-enhanced-6.2.457-1.i386.rpm
vim-minimal-6.2.457-1.i386.rpm
vixie-cron-3.0.1-87.i386.rpm
vnc-4.0-1.beta4.11.i386.rpm
vnc-server-4.0-1.beta4.11.i386.rpm
vorbis-tools-1.0.1-2.i386.rpm
vsftpd-1.2.1-5.i386.rpm
vte-0.11.10-5.1.i386.rpm
webalizer-2.01_10-22.i386.rpm
webmin-1.140-1.1.fc2.dag.noarch.rpm
wget-1.9.1-5.i386.rpm
which-2.16-2.i386.rpm
wireless-tools-26-4.i386.rpm
words-2-22.noarch.rpm
wvdial-1.53-13.i386.rpm
xalan-j-2.4.1-14.i386.rpm
xdelta-1.1.3-13.1.i386.rpm
xerces-j-2.2.1-16.i386.rpm
xine-0.99.2-1.1.fc2.fr.i386.rpm
xine-lib-1.0.0-0.14.rc5.1.fc2.fr.i386.rpm
xinetd-2.3.13-2.i386.rpm
xinitrc-3.42-1.noarch.rpm
xloadimage-4.1-30.i386.rpm
xml-common-0.6.3-16.noarch.rpm
xmms-1.2.10-2.2.p.1.fc2.fr.i386.rpm
xmms-skins-1.2.10-2.2.p.1.fc2.fr.i386.rpm
xorg-x11-100dpi-fonts-6.7.0-5.i386.rpm
xorg-x11-6.7.0-5.i386.rpm
xorg-x11-75dpi-fonts-6.7.0-5.i386.rpm

xorg-x11-Mesa-libGL-6.7.0-5.i386.rpm
xorg-x11-Mesa-libGLU-6.7.0-5.i386.rpm
xorg-x11-base-fonts-6.7.0-5.i386.rpm
xorg-x11-devel-6.7.0-5.i386.rpm
xorg-x11-font-utils-6.7.0-5.i386.rpm
xorg-x11-libs-6.7.0-5.i386.rpm
xorg-x11-libs-data-6.7.0-5.i386.rpm
xorg-x11-tools-6.7.0-5.i386.rpm
xorg-x11-twm-6.7.0-5.i386.rpm
xorg-x11-xauth-6.7.0-5.i386.rpm
xorg-x11-xdm-6.7.0-5.i386.rpm
xorg-x11-xfs-6.7.0-5.i386.rpm
xpdf-3.00-3.i386.rpm
xsane-0.92-10.i386.rpm
xsane-gimp-0.92-10.i386.rpm
xscreensaver-4.14-5.i386.rpm
xsri-2.1.0-7.i386.rpm
xterm-179-6.EL.i386.rpm
xvidcore-1.0.1-1.1.fc2.fr.i386.rpm
yelp-2.6.0-1.i386.rpm
yp-tools-2.8-3.i386.rpm
ypbind-1.17.2-1.i386.rpm
yum-2.0.7-3.1.fc.fr.noarch.rpm
zip-2.3-22.i386.rpm
zlib-1.2.1.1-2.1.i386.rpm
zlib-devel-1.2.1.1-2.1.i386.rpm

[root@vagante /]# cat /var/log/yum.log
05/24/04 19:30:55 Dep Installed: id3lib 3.8.3-6.1.fc2.dag.i386
05/24/04 19:30:55 Updated: sound-juicer 0.5.11-1.1.fc2.dag.i386
05/24/04 19:30:55 Updated: kdelibs 6:3.2.2-6.i386
05/24/04 19:30:55 Updated: nfs-utils 1.0.6-22.i386
05/24/04 19:30:55 Updated: lftp 3.0.3-1.1.fc2.dag.i386
05/24/04 19:30:55 Updated: gaim 1:0.77-7.i386
05/24/04 19:30:55 Updated: libgnome 2.6.0-3.i386
05/24/04 19:30:55 Updated: dia 1:0.93-1.1.fc2.dag.i386
05/24/04 19:30:55 Updated: cvs 1.11.15-6.i386
05/24/04 19:30:55 Updated: grip 1:3.2.0-1.1.fc2.dag.i386
05/24/04 19:30:55 Updated: syslinux 2.09-1.1.fc2.dag.i386
05/28/04 10:54:12 Updated: php-mysql 4.3.6-5.i386
05/28/04 10:54:12 Updated: php-pear 4.3.6-5.i386
05/28/04 10:54:12 Updated: php 4.3.6-5.i386
05/28/04 10:54:12 Updated: hwdata 0.120-1.noarch
05/28/04 10:54:12 Updated: php-ldap 4.3.6-5.i386
05/28/04 10:54:12 Updated: rsync 2.6.2-1.i386
05/28/04 14:53:38 Installed: firefox 0.8-2.1.fc2.dag.i386
05/29/04 15:30:52 Installed: dhcp 1:3.0.1rc12-4.i386
05/29/04 16:49:18 Installed: apt 0.5.15cnc6-1.1.fc2.fr.i386
05/30/04 09:54:36 Installed: webmin 1.140-1.1.fc2.dag.noarch
05/30/04 09:54:36 Dep Installed: perl-Mon 0.11-1.1.fc2.dag.noarch
05/30/04 09:54:36 Dep Installed: perl-Convert-BER 1.31.01-1.1.fc2.dag.noarch
05/30/04 09:54:36 Dep Installed: perl-Net-SSLeay 1.23-0.1.fc2.dag.i386
05/30/04 10:55:29 Updated: yum 2.0.7-2.fc.fr.noarch
05/30/04 12:14:12 Updated: memtest86+ 1.11-2.i386
05/30/04 12:14:12 Updated: xmms 1:1.2.10-2.2.p.1.fc2.fr.i386
05/30/04 12:14:12 Updated: rhythmbox 0.8.4-1.1.fc2.fr.i386
05/30/04 12:14:12 Updated: grip 1:3.2.0-2.1.fc2.fr.i386
05/30/04 12:14:12 Updated: xmms-skins 1:1.2.10-2.2.p.1.fc2.fr.i386
05/30/04 12:14:12 Updated: gthumb 2.3.3-1.1.fc2.fr.i386
05/30/04 12:14:12 Updated: id3lib 3.8.3-6.1.fc2.fr.i386
05/31/04 11:00:23 Installed: smb4k 0.3.1-1.1.fc2.dag.i386
06/03/04 21:11:21 Installed: clamav 0.71-1.1.fc2.dag.i386
06/03/04 21:11:21 Dep Installed: clamav-db 0.71-1.1.fc2.dag.i386
06/03/04 21:12:38 Installed: clamav-milter 0.71-1.1.fc2.dag.i386
06/03/04 21:12:38 Dep Installed: clamd 0.71-1.1.fc2.dag.i386
06/07/04 17:19:24 Updated: net-tools 1.60-25.1.i386
06/07/04 17:19:24 Updated: cups-libs 1:1.1.20-11.1.i386
06/07/04 17:19:24 Updated: krb5-devel 1.3.3-7.i386
06/07/04 17:19:24 Updated: strace 4.5.4-1.i386
06/07/04 17:19:24 Updated: ethereal 0.10.3-2.1.i386
06/07/04 17:19:24 Updated: cups 1:1.1.20-11.1.i386
06/07/04 17:19:24 Updated: ethereal-gnome 0.10.3-2.1.i386
06/07/04 17:19:24 Updated: xinitrc 3.41-1.noarch
06/07/04 17:19:24 Updated: krb5-libs 1.3.3-7.i386
06/07/04 17:24:11 Installed: xine 0.99.1-1.1.fc2.fr.i386
06/07/04 17:24:11 Dep Installed: xine-lib 1.0.0-0.13.rc4a.1.fc2.fr.i386
06/07/04 17:24:11 Dep Installed: freeglut 2.2.0-11.i386
06/08/04 10:29:06 Installed: gkrellm 2.2.0-2.1.fc2.fr.i386
06/10/04 18:22:19 Installed: arpwatch 14:2.1a13-1.i386
06/12/04 15:31:03 Installed: kismet 3.0.1-1.200404r1.1.fc2.dag.i386
06/12/04 15:32:38 Installed: airsnort 0.2.4-0.a.1.fc2.dag.i386
07/08/04 12:30:19 Updated: bochs 2.1.1-1.1.fc2.dag.i386
07/12/04 10:36:22 Updated: gaim 1:0.79-0.FC2.i386
07/28/04 09:54:06 Dep Installed: php-mbstring 4.3.8-2.1.i386
07/28/04 09:54:06 Dep Installed: libselinux-devel 1.11.4-1.i386
07/28/04 09:54:06 Updated: xorg-x11-xauth 6.7.0-5.i386
07/28/04 09:54:06 Updated: ORBit2 2.10.0-4.i386
07/28/04 09:54:06 Updated: xorg-x11-tools 6.7.0-5.i386
07/28/04 09:54:06 Updated: initscripts 7.55.1-1.i386
07/28/04 09:54:06 Updated: squirrelmail 1.4.3-1.noarch
07/28/04 09:54:06 Updated: system-config-network-tui 1.3.17-0.FC2.1.noarch
07/28/04 09:54:06 Updated: libpng10 1.0.15-5.i386
07/28/04 09:54:06 Updated: finger 0.17-24.i386
07/28/04 09:54:06 Updated: cdda2wav 8:2.01-0.a27.4.FC2.1.i386
07/28/04 09:54:06 Updated: ethereal 0.10.5-0.2.2.i386
07/28/04 09:54:06 Updated: system-config-network 1.3.17-0.FC2.1.noarch
07/28/04 09:54:06 Updated: ftp 0.17-21.i386
07/28/04 09:54:06 Updated: gnome-session 2.6.0-4.i386
07/28/04 09:54:06 Updated: cdrecord 8:2.01-0.a27.4.FC2.1.i386
07/28/04 09:54:06 Updated: mod_python 3.1.3-1.fc2.1.i386
07/28/04 09:54:06 Updated: texinfo 4.7-4.i386
07/28/04 09:54:06 Updated: xorg-x11-devel 6.7.0-5.i386
07/28/04 09:54:06 Updated: libwnck 2.6.0.1-3.i386
07/28/04 09:54:06 Updated: ppp 2.4.2-3.FC2.1.i386
07/28/04 09:54:06 Updated: GConf2 2.6.0-7.i386
07/28/04 09:54:06 Updated: xorg-x11 6.7.0-5.i386
07/28/04 09:54:06 Updated: gnome-applets 1:2.6.2.1-1.i386
07/28/04 09:54:06 Updated: iiimf-protocol-lib 1:11.4-46.1.svn1587.i386
07/28/04 09:54:06 Updated: xorg-x11-xfs 6.7.0-5.i386
07/28/04 09:54:06 Updated: php 4.3.8-2.1.i386
07/28/04 09:54:06 Updated: gstreamer 0.8.3-2.i386
07/28/04 09:54:06 Updated: httpd-manual 2.0.50-2.1.i386
07/28/04 09:54:06 Updated: fam 2.6.10-9.FC2.i386
07/28/04 09:54:06 Updated: xorg-x11-100dpi-fonts 6.7.0-5.i386
07/28/04 09:54:06 Updated: dhcp 2:3.0.1rc14-1.i386
07/28/04 09:54:06 Updated: xorg-x11-libs 6.7.0-5.i386
07/28/04 09:54:06 Updated: php-mysql 4.3.8-2.1.i386
07/28/04 09:54:06 Updated: gaim 1:0.80-1.FC2.i386
07/28/04 09:54:06 Updated: gimp 1:2.0.2-1.fc2.2.i386
07/28/04 09:54:06 Updated: bison 1.875c-1.i386
07/28/04 09:54:06 Updated: iiimf-client-lib 1:11.4-46.1.svn1587.i386
07/28/04 09:54:06 Updated: xorg-x11-75dpi-fonts 6.7.0-5.i386
07/28/04 09:54:06 Updated: xorg-x11-base-fonts 6.7.0-5.i386
07/28/04 09:54:06 Updated: xorg-x11-xdm 6.7.0-5.i386
07/28/04 09:54:06 Updated: cvs 1.11.17-2.i386
07/28/04 09:54:06 Updated: ethereal-gnome 0.10.5-0.2.2.i386
07/28/04 09:54:06 Updated: mailman 3:2.1.5-7.i386
07/28/04 09:54:06 Updated: info 4.7-4.i386
07/28/04 09:54:06 Updated: xinitrc 3.42-1.noarch
07/28/04 09:54:06 Updated: dovecot 0.99.10.5-0.FC2.i386
07/28/04 09:54:06 Updated: xorg-x11-twm 6.7.0-5.i386
07/28/04 09:54:06 Updated: fam-devel 2.6.10-9.FC2.i386
07/28/04 09:54:06 Updated: php-pear 4.3.8-2.1.i386
07/28/04 09:54:06 Updated: strace 4.5.5-1.i386
07/28/04 09:54:06 Updated: openmotif 2.2.3-4.1.i386
07/28/04 09:54:06 Updated: php-ldap 4.3.8-2.1.i386
07/28/04 09:54:06 Updated: xorg-x11-font-utils 6.7.0-5.i386
07/28/04 09:54:06 Updated: iiimf-protocol-lib-devel 1:11.4-46.1.svn1587.i386
07/28/04 09:54:06 Updated: httpd 2.0.50-2.1.i386
07/28/04 09:54:06 Updated: iiimf-client-lib-devel 1:11.4-46.1.svn1587.i386
07/28/04 09:54:06 Updated: dhclient 2:3.0.1rc14-1.i386
07/28/04 09:54:06 Updated: libpng 2:1.2.5-5.i386
07/28/04 09:54:06 Updated: xorg-x11-Mesa-libGL 6.7.0-5.i386
07/28/04 09:54:06 Updated: xorg-x11-Mesa-libGLU 6.7.0-5.i386
07/28/04 09:54:06 Updated: mod_ssl 1:2.0.50-2.1.i386
07/28/04 09:54:06 Updated: squid 7:2.5.STABLE5-4.fc2.i386
07/28/04 09:54:06 Updated: gstreamer-plugins 0.8.2-2.1.i386
07/28/04 09:54:06 Updated: k3b 0.11.12-1.i386
07/28/04 09:54:06 Updated: mkisofs 8:2.01-0.a27.4.FC2.1.i386
07/28/04 09:54:06 Updated: xorg-x11-libs-data 6.7.0-5.i386
07/28/04 10:19:23 Installed: sharutils 4.2.1-18.i386
07/28/04 10:20:18 Installed: gtk+-devel 1:1.2.10-29.1.1.i386
07/28/04 10:20:18 Dep Installed: glib-devel 1:1.2.10-12.1.1.i386
07/28/04 11:25:34 Updated: yum 2.0.7-3.1.fc.fr.noarch
07/28/04 11:43:41 Updated: xvidcore 1.0.1-1.1.fc2.fr.i386
07/28/04 11:43:41 Updated: a52dec 0.7.4-7.1.fc2.fr.i386
07/28/04 11:43:41 Updated: gthumb 2.4.1-1.1.fc2.fr.i386
07/28/04 11:43:41 Updated: mplayer 1.0-0.11.pre5.1.fc2.fr.i386
07/28/04 11:43:41 Updated: gkrellm 2.2.2-1.1.fc2.fr.i386
07/28/04 11:43:41 Updated: xine-lib 1.0.0-0.14.rc5.1.fc2.fr.i386
07/28/04 11:43:41 Updated: libquicktime 0.9.3-1.1.fc2.fr.i586
07/28/04 11:43:41 Updated: xine 0.99.2-1.1.fc2.fr.i386
07/28/04 11:43:41 Updated: rhythmbox 0.8.5-0.1.fc2.fr.i386
07/28/04 11:43:41 Updated: libpostproc 1.0-0.11.pre5.1.fc2.fr.i386
07/28/04 11:43:41 Updated: synaptic 0.52-1.1.fc2.fr.i386
08/13/04 10:39:25 Updated: mozilla-dom-inspector 37:1.7.2-0.2.0.i386
08/13/04 10:39:25 Updated: libpng10 1.0.15-8.i386
08/13/04 10:39:25 Updated: system-config-date 1.7.3.1-0.fc2.1.noarch
08/13/04 10:39:25 Updated: sox 12.17.4-4.fc2.i386
08/13/04 10:39:25 Updated: libbonobo 2.6.2-1.i386
08/13/04 10:39:25 Updated: mozilla-nspr 37:1.7.2-0.2.0.i386
08/13/04 10:39:25 Updated: gaim 1:0.81-0.FC2.i386
08/13/04 10:39:25 Updated: epiphany 1.2.7-0.2.0.i386
08/13/04 10:39:25 Updated: gimp 1:2.0.4-0.fc2.1.i386
08/13/04 10:39:25 Updated: mozilla-mail 37:1.7.2-0.2.0.i386
08/13/04 10:39:25 Updated: mozilla-nss 37:1.7.2-0.2.0.i386
08/13/04 10:39:25 Updated: mozilla 37:1.7.2-0.2.0.i386
08/13/04 10:39:25 Updated: tzdata 2004b-1.fc2.noarch
08/13/04 10:39:25 Updated: libpng 2:1.2.5-8.i386
09/06/04 12:48:44 Dep Installed: libjpeg-devel 6b-31.1.i386
09/06/04 12:48:44 Dep Installed: libpng-devel 2:1.2.5-8.i386
09/06/04 12:48:44 Dep Installed: libmng-devel 1.0.4-5.1.i386
09/06/04 12:48:44 Updated: samba-client 3.0.6-2.fc2.i386
09/06/04 12:48:44 Updated: samba-common 3.0.6-2.fc2.i386
09/06/04 12:48:44 Updated: krb5-devel 1.3.4-6.i386
09/06/04 12:48:44 Updated: gaim 1:0.82-0.FC2.i386
09/06/04 12:48:44 Updated: samba 3.0.6-2.fc2.i386
09/06/04 12:48:44 Updated: qt-devel 1:3.3.3-0.1.i386
09/06/04 12:48:44 Updated: mc 1:4.6.0-17.fc2.i386
09/06/04 12:48:44 Updated: qt 1:3.3.3-0.1.i386
09/06/04 12:48:44 Updated: krb5-libs 1.3.4-6.i386
09/06/04 12:48:44 Updated: rsync 2.6.2-1.fc2.0.i386
Shared software
Autore: al – Ultimo Aggiornamento: 2004-09-06 14:07:09 – Data di creazione: 2004-09-06 14:07:09
Tipo Infobox: DESCRIPTION – Skill: 2- JUNIOR
All Linux distro provide programs and tools for the user. This free software is created by different individuals and organizations and assembled by the distribution maker.
Many programs are common in alment every distributions:
GNU BASE Software
Linux is much more than Linus Torvalds’ kernel: it’s a full featured multi purpose operating systems which integrates many basic utilities from the GNU project.
These utilities cover the main system need and are GPL re implementations of basic Unix commands and tools:
Glibc: GNU C Library is one of the most important components of most modern Linux distributions. It is used by almost all C programs and provides the most essential program interface.
Bash: Bash is an sh-compatible shell that incorporates useful features from the Korn shell (ksh) and C shell (csh). It is intended to conform to the IEEE POSIX P1003.2/ISO 9945.2 Shell and Tools standard.
Gcc: The GNU Compiler Collection is a full-featured ANSI C compiler with support for K&R C, as well as C++, Objective C, Java, and Fortran.
Coreutils: Collection of basic file, shell and text manipulation utilities. Combination of file (fileutils), shell (shellutils) and text (textutils) packages into a single release.
File Utils: Used to handle files: chgrp, chown, chmod, cp, dd, df, dir, dircolors, du, install, ln, ls, mkdir, mkfifo, mknod, mv, rm, rmdir, sync, touch, vdir.
Shell Utils: Common shell utility programs: basename, chroot, date, dirname, echo, env, expr, factor, false, groups, hostname, id, logname, nice, nohup, pathchk, pinky, printenv, printf, pwd, seq, sleep, stty, su, tee, test, true, tty, uname, uptime, users, who, whoami, yes.
Textutils: Text utilities: cat, cksum, comm, csplit, cut, expand, fmt, fold, head, join, md5sum, nl, od, paste, ptx, pr, sort, split, sum, tac, tail, tr, tsort, unexpand, uniq, wc.
Inetutils: Collection of common network programs: ftp, ftpd, rcp, rexec, rlogin, rlogind, rsh, rshd, syslog, syslogd, talk, talkd, telnet, telnetd, tftp, tftpd, and uucpd.
Make: Generates executables and other non-source programs. Make reads a file called a ‘makefile’ to learn how the files in your program are put together.
tar – gzip: Creates tar archives – Compresses and decompresses files.
vim – emacs: Two powerful and largely used text editors.

Gnu and OpenSource Software
Besides the basic libraries, programs and command line tools every Linux distro provides common and notorious software for different uses (desktop and server). The code, the sintax of its configuration files and its working logic are always the same, but different distro can provide different versions, place files in different positions, integrate in the whole system and different ways. Here are some very common and used programs:
XFree86: An OpenSource X server, necessary for a graphical environment in Linux
Gnome: GNU Network Object Model Environment. An integrated desktop and applications framework
KDE: The Big Alternative to Gnome: An integrated graphical desktop environment
OpenOffice: The most famous, advanced and mature Open Source Office application
Perl: A programming language largely used for scripts, programs and web applications. Usually available with various libraries for different uses.
Apache: The most used and powerful Web Server software
Sendmail / Postfix: Two of the most used Mail Delivery Agents. Often both are presented as alternatives that the user can choose.
Bind: The most used open source DNS server implemention.
Samba: The open source implementation of a CIFS/SMB file server
Gimp: The most advanced and know graphic images processing and manipulation tool.
Mozilla: One of the most advanced and known opensource web browsers.
Packages management overview
Autore: al – Ultimo Aggiornamento: 2004-09-06 14:00:59 – Data di creazione: 2004-09-06 14:00:59
Tipo Infobox: DESCRIPTION – Skill: 2- JUNIOR
A package system is at the base of the management of the software on every Linux distro.
Even if software is made by many different individuals and organizations, a clever dependency logic with coherent shared libraries has made possible the coexistence of heterogeneous programs.
A different package is usually needed for each different version of each distribution.
The formats used (rpm, deb, tgz, portage) use underlining command line tools that may have different front-ends for package management but the same working logic.

Package automatic upgrade is a feature present in every major distribution with a common logic:
– scheduling of update activities via crontab
– download via selected mirror sites of the updated packages,
– update of the package on the system (simple, fast, effective, secure) using the usual system’s packet management tools.
– definition of what kind of packages have to be automatically updated (generally, kernel in never updated in an unattended way).
In some cases the user may choose the preferred update method/tool.

Packages statistics
Distrowatch reports the following statistics on the usega of different packages systems in various distros (data collected the 6th of September 2004):

RPM – Based on the .rpm packages introduced by RedHat – 105 distros:
ADIOS, Ankur Bangla, Ares, Asianux, Aurora, Aurox, Ayrsoft, Bayanihan, Berry, BioBrew, blackPanther, BLAG, Boten, Caixa Magica, cAos, CCux, Chinese 2000, ClarkConnect, Cobind, Cool, Cosix, CPUBuilders, Eadem, EduLinux, ELX, EnGarde, e-smith, Fedora, Fermi, Freedows, Gelecek, Hakin9, Hancom, Happy Mac, Haydar, HispaFuentes, HKLPG, Holon, Icepack, IDMS, Ignalum, K12LTSP, kmLinux, Kore, KRUD, LGIS, Linare, Lineox, Linpus, LinuxConsole, LinuxTLE, Linux XP, Lorma, Lycoris, Magic, Mandows, Mandrake, Media Lab, Miracle, MIZI, Momonga, MSC.Linux, N-iX, NuxOne, Octoz, OpenDesktop, OpenNA, OpenSLS, Openwall, PCLinuxOS, Peanut, PHP Sol, Pie Box, Plan-B, PLD, QiLinux, Red Flag, Red Hat, redWall, Resala, Rocks Cluster, RPM LIve, SAM, SCO, SOT, Sun JDS, SUSE, Tao, Tech, TFM, Thiz, tinysofa, Trustix, Turbolinux, Turkix, vnlinuxCD, Voodoo, White Box, WinBi, WOW, Xteam, Yoper, YourESale

DEB – Based on the .deb packages introduced by Debian – 100 Distros
AbulÉdu, Adamantix, ANTEMIUM, Arabbix, ASLinux, Augustux, BEERnix, Biadix, Bioknoppix, BlackRhino, Bluewall, Bonzai, BrlSpeak, Càtix, ClusterKnoppix, Condorux, Damn Small, Danix, Debian, DebXPde, Defender, DemoLinux, Demudi, Eagle, eduKnoppix, ERPOSS, ESware, Euronode, FAMELIX, Feather, Flonix, Freeduc, Gibraltar, Gnoppix, gnuLinEx, GNUstep, Guadalinex, Hiweed, Impi, INSERT, K-DEMar, Kaella, Kalango, KANOTIX, Kinneret, KlusTriX, knopILS, Knoppel, Knoppix, Knoppix 64, Knoppix STD, KnoppiXMAME, KnoppMyth, Kurumin, LAMPPIX, L.A.S., Libranet, LIIS, LinEspa, Linspire, Linuxin, Livux, LLGP, Loco, Luinux, Luit, MAX, Medialinux, MEPIS, MIKO GNYO, Morphix, Munjoy, Nature’s, NordisKnoppix, OGo Knoppix, Omoikane, Oralux, Overclockix, Pequelin, Penguin Sleuth, PHLAK, Pilot, Progeny, Quantian, Santa Fe, Shabdix, Skolelinux, Slavix, Slix, Slo-Tech, SmartPeer, Soyombo, SULIX, Tablix, Tilix, TupiServer, UserLinux, X-evian, Xfld, Xandros, Zopix

TGZ – Based on tarred and compacted packages, introduced by Slackware – 36 Distros
AL-AMLUG, Arch, AUSTRUMI, BearOps, Blin, Buffalo, Burapha, College, CRUX, DARKSTAR, Definity, DeLi, Devil, DNALinux, Drinou, EvilEntity, Freepia, GoboLinux, JoLinux, Litrix, LiveCD Router, Minislack, MUMi, Netwosix, OpenLab, Phayoune, Plamo, Puppy, ROOT, RUNT, Sentinix, Slackintosh, Slackware, SLAX, STUX, Vector

SOURCES – Based on sources – 9 Distros
Core, Gentoo, LFS, Lunar, Murix, Onebase, ROCK, Sorcerer, Source Mage, TA

APT-RPM – Rpm managed with the apt tool – 9 Distros
ALT, Ark, ASP, CLE, Conectiva, Lorma, PLD, Vine, Yellow Dog

PORTAGE – Based on the portage system, introduced by Gentoo – 8 Distros
Gentoo, Gentoox, Jollix, Navyn OS, Shark, SystemRescue, Ututo, Vidalinux, ZerahStar
Mandrake – Packages logs
Autore: al – Ultimo Aggiornamento: 2004-09-07 10:11:48 – Data di creazione: 2004-09-07 10:11:48
Tipo Infobox: STDOUT – Skill: 3- INTERMEDIATE
As Red Hat, Mandrake uses RPM for software management, a log of all the installed packages is in /var/log/rpmpkgs. Software update is managed via the urpmi utility, which keeps track of its activities in /var/log/urpmi.log.
[root@vagante2 /]# cat /var/log/rpmpkgs
FlashPlayer-6.0-7mdk.i586.rpm
GConf-1.0.9-15mdk.i586.rpm
GConf2-2.4.0.1-3mdk.i586.rpm
Guppi-0.40.3-7mdk.i586.rpm
ImageMagick-5.5.7.15-6mdk.i586.rpm
LinNeighborhood-0.6.5-5mdk.i586.rpm
MySQL-4.0.18-1mdk.i586.rpm
MySQL-client-4.0.18-1mdk.i586.rpm
MySQL-common-4.0.18-1mdk.i586.rpm
NVIDIA_GLX-5336-6mdk.i586.rpm
NVIDIA_kernel-2.6.3.7mdk-5336-6mdk.i586.rpm
NVIDIA_kernel-smp-2.6.3.7mdk-5336-6mdk.i586.rpm
ORBit-0.5.17-7mdk.i586.rpm
ORBit2-2.8.3-1mdk.i586.rpm
OpenIPMI-1.2.7-4mdk.i586.rpm
OpenOffice.org-1.1-11mdk.i586.rpm
OpenOffice.org-help-en-1.1-11mdk.i586.rpm
OpenOffice.org-l10n-en-1.1-11mdk.i586.rpm
OpenOffice.org-libs-1.1-11mdk.i586.rpm
OpenSP-1.5-6mdk.i586.rpm
RealPlayer-8.0-9mdk.i586.rpm
RealPlayer-rpnp-8.0-9mdk.i586.rpm
SysVinit-2.85-2mdk.i586.rpm
XFree86-4.3-30mdk.i586.rpm
XFree86-75dpi-fonts-4.3-30mdk.i586.rpm
XFree86-server-4.3-30mdk.i586.rpm
XFree86-xfs-4.3-30mdk.i586.rpm
Xdialog-2.1.1-1mdk.i586.rpm
a2ps-4.13b-4mdk.i586.rpm
acroread-5.0.8-3.100mdk.i586.rpm
acroread-nppdf-5.0.8-3.100mdk.i586.rpm
alsa-utils-1.0.2-2mdk.i586.rpm
apache-conf-2.0.48-2mdk.i586.rpm
apache2-2.0.48-6mdk.i586.rpm
apache2-common-2.0.48-6mdk.i586.rpm
apache2-manual-2.0.48-6mdk.i586.rpm
apache2-mod_cache-2.0.48-6mdk.i586.rpm
apache2-mod_disk_cache-2.0.48-6mdk.i586.rpm
apache2-mod_perl-2.0.48_1.99_11-3mdk.i586.rpm
apache2-mod_php-2.0.48_4.3.4-1mdk.i586.rpm
apache2-mod_proxy-2.0.48-6mdk.i586.rpm
apache2-mod_ssl-2.0.48-6mdk.i586.rpm
apache2-mod_suexec-2.0.48-1mdk.i586.rpm
apache2-modules-2.0.48-6mdk.i586.rpm
arpwatch-2.1a11-3mdk.i586.rpm
arts-1.2-3mdk.i586.rpm
aspell-0.50.4.1-1mdk.i586.rpm
aspell-en-0.51.0-1mdk.i586.rpm
at-3.1.8-9mdk.i586.rpm
audacity-1.2.0-1mdk.i586.rpm
autoconf-2.13-19mdk.noarch.rpm
automake-1.4-23.p6.mdk.noarch.rpm
basesystem-10.0-0.2mdk.i586.rpm
bash-2.05b-16mdk.i586.rpm
bash-completion-20040101-2mdk.noarch.rpm
bdflush-1.5-24mdk.i586.rpm
bind-9.2.3-6mdk.i586.rpm
bind-utils-9.2.3-6mdk.i586.rpm
binutils-2.14.90.0.7-2mdk.i586.rpm
bison-1.875-4mdk.i586.rpm
bluefish-0.12-3mdk.i586.rpm
bootloader-utils-1.6-7mdk.i586.rpm
bootsplash-2.1.5-1mdk.i586.rpm
bzip2-1.0.2-17mdk.i586.rpm
cdialog-0.9b-4mdk.i586.rpm
cdrdao-1.1.8-2mdk.i586.rpm
cdrecord-2.01-0.a27.2mdk.i586.rpm
chkconfig-1.3.8-5mdk.i586.rpm
chkfontpath-1.9.10-1mdk.i586.rpm
common-licenses-1.0-7mdk.noarch.rpm
console-tools-0.2.3-46mdk.i586.rpm
coreutils-5.1.2-1mdk.i586.rpm
coreutils-doc-5.1.2-1mdk.i586.rpm
cpio-2.5-4mdk.i586.rpm
crack-attack-1.1.10-6mdk.i586.rpm
crack-attack-music-1-2mdk.noarch.rpm
crack-attack-sounds-1-2mdk.noarch.rpm
cracklib-dicts-2.7-17mdk.i586.rpm
crontabs-1.10-3mdk.noarch.rpm
ctags-5.5.2-1mdk.i586.rpm
cups-1.1.20-5mdk.i586.rpm
cups-common-1.1.20-5mdk.i586.rpm
curl-7.11.0-2mdk.i586.rpm
cvs-1.11.11-1mdk.i586.rpm
db1-1.85-10mdk.i586.rpm
devfsd-1.3.25-37mdk.i586.rpm
dhcp-client-3.0-1.rc13.4mdk.i586.rpm
dhcp-common-3.0-1.rc13.4mdk.i586.rpm
dhcp-server-3.0-1.rc13.4mdk.i586.rpm
dia-0.92.2-2mdk.i586.rpm
diffutils-2.8.4-4mdk.i586.rpm
dmidecode-2.3-2mdk.i586.rpm
docbook-dtd412-xml-1.0-15mdk.noarch.rpm
docbook-style-dsssl-1.78-5mdk.noarch.rpm
docbook-utils-0.6.14-1mdk.noarch.rpm
dosfstools-2.9-2mdk.i586.rpm
drakconf-10-12mdk.i586.rpm
drakfax-0.10-0.3mdk.noarch.rpm
drakfirsttime-1.0-1mdk.noarch.rpm
draksync-9.0-4mdk.noarch.rpm
drakxtools-10-29mdk.i586.rpm
drakxtools-newt-10-29mdk.i586.rpm
dump-0.4b34-2mdk.i586.rpm
dvd+rw-tools-5.17.4.8.6-1mdk.i586.rpm
dynamic-0.12.4-1mdk.noarch.rpm
e2fsprogs-1.34-5mdk.i586.rpm
ed-0.2-30mdk.i586.rpm
efax-0.9a-2mdk.i586.rpm
eject-2.0.13-4mdk.i586.rpm
elfutils-0.89-3mdk.i586.rpm
emacs-21.3-9mdk.i586.rpm
emacs-X11-21.3-9mdk.i586.rpm
enscript-1.6.4-1mdk.i586.rpm
esound-0.2.32-2mdk.i586.rpm
etcskel-1.63-15mdk.noarch.rpm
ethereal-0.10.0a-3mdk.i586.rpm
expect-8.4.5-3mdk.i586.rpm
fam-2.6.10-9mdk.i586.rpm
file-4.07-1mdk.i586.rpm
filesystem-2.1.5-1mdk.i586.rpm
findutils-4.1.20-2mdk.i586.rpm
flex-2.5.4a-21mdk.i586.rpm
font-tools-0.1-10mdk.i586.rpm
fontconfig-2.2.1-7mdk.i586.rpm
fonts-ttf-decoratives-1.3-13mdk.noarch.rpm
fonts-ttf-vera-1.10-2mdk.noarch.rpm
fonts-ttf-west_european-1.3-13mdk.noarch.rpm
foomatic-db-3.0.1-0.20040302.3mdk.i586.rpm
foomatic-db-engine-3.0.1-0.20040302.3mdk.i586.rpm
foomatic-filters-3.0.1-0.20040302.3mdk.i586.rpm
freetype-1.3.1-21mdk.i586.rpm
freetype-tools-1.3.1-21mdk.i586.rpm
fribidi-0.10.4-4mdk.i586.rpm
frozen-bubble-1.0.0-6mdk.i586.rpm
ftp-client-krb5-1.3-6mdk.i586.rpm
g-wrap-1.3.4-10mdk.i586.rpm
gail-1.4.1-1mdk.i586.rpm
galaxy-gnome-1.0.0-5mdk.i586.rpm
galaxy-kde-1.0.0-5mdk.i586.rpm
galaxy-kde-kwin-1.0.0-5mdk.i586.rpm
gawk-3.1.2-3mdk.i586.rpm
gcc-3.3.2-6mdk.i586.rpm
gcc-c++-3.3.2-6mdk.i586.rpm
gcc-cpp-3.3.2-6mdk.i586.rpm
gdb-6.0-2mdk.i586.rpm
gdk-pixbuf-loaders-0.22.0-2mdk.i586.rpm
gettext-0.13.1-1mdk.i586.rpm
gettext-base-0.13.1-1mdk.i586.rpm
gettext-devel-0.13.1-1mdk.i586.rpm
ghostscript-7.07-14mdk.i586.rpm
ghostscript-fonts-8.11-1mdk.noarch.rpm
ghostscript-module-X-7.07-14mdk.i586.rpm
giftrans-1.12.2-13mdk.i586.rpm
gimp-1.2.5-10mdk.i586.rpm
gimpprint-4.2.6-16mdk.i586.rpm
gkrellm-2.1.28-1.norlug.i586.rpm
gkrellm-server-2.1.28-1.norlug.i586.rpm
glib-gettextize-2.2.3-1mdk.i586.rpm
glibc-2.3.3-10mdk.i586.rpm
glibc-devel-2.3.3-10mdk.i586.rpm
glibc-i18ndata-2.3.3-10mdk.i586.rpm
gnome-desktop-2.4.1.1-2mdk.i586.rpm
gnome-icon-theme-1.1.6-3mdk.noarch.rpm
gnome-libs-1.4.2-7mdk.i586.rpm
gnome-media-2.4.1.1-1mdk.i586.rpm
gnome-mime-data-2.4.1-5mdk.i586.rpm
gnome-print-0.37-5mdk.i586.rpm
gnome-vfs2-2.4.2-4mdk.i586.rpm
gnomemeeting-0.98.5-4mdk.i586.rpm
gnucash-1.8.8-2mdk.i586.rpm
gnucash-hbci-1.8.8-2mdk.i586.rpm
gnucash-ofx-1.8.8-2mdk.i586.rpm
gnupg-1.2.4-1mdk.i586.rpm
gocr-0.38-1mdk.i586.rpm
gpg-pubkey-22458a98-3969e7de.(none).rpm
gpg-pubkey-70771ff3-3c8f768f.(none).rpm
gpg-pubkey-78d019f5-3fd7504d.(none).rpm
gphoto2-2.1.4-1mdk.i586.rpm
gpr-0.9-4mdk.i586.rpm
gqview-1.3.8-1mdk.i586.rpm
grep-2.5.1-4mdk.i586.rpm
groff-1.19-3mdk.i586.rpm
groff-for-man-1.19-3mdk.i586.rpm
grub-0.93-5mdk.i586.rpm
grub-doc-0.93-5mdk.i586.rpm
gstreamer-0.6.4-1mdk.i586.rpm
gstreamer-audio-effects-0.6.4-4mdk.i586.rpm
gstreamer-audio-formats-0.6.4-4mdk.i586.rpm
gstreamer-oss-0.6.4-4mdk.i586.rpm
gstreamer-plugins-0.6.4-4mdk.i586.rpm
gtk+2.0-2.2.4-9mdk.i586.rpm
gtk-engines-0.12-8mdk.i586.rpm
gtkdialogs-2.1-1mdk.i586.rpm
guile-1.6.4-3mdk.i586.rpm
gurpmi-4.4.5-10mdk.noarch.rpm
gzip-1.2.4a-12mdk.i586.rpm
harddrake-10-29mdk.i586.rpm
harddrake-ui-10-29mdk.i586.rpm
hdparm-5.5-1mdk.i586.rpm
hexedit-1.2.9-1mdk.i586.rpm
hotplug-2004_01_05-5mdk.i586.rpm
howto-html-en-10-1mdk.noarch.rpm
howto-utils-0.2.13-3mdk.noarch.rpm
hylafax-4.1.8-2mdk.i586.rpm
hylafax-client-4.1.8-2mdk.i586.rpm
icewm-light-1.2.14-0.pre11.1mdk.i586.rpm
ifplugd-0.21b-1mdk.i586.rpm
imlib-1.9.14-8mdk.i586.rpm
indexhtml-10.0-11mdk.noarch.rpm
info-4.6-1mdk.i586.rpm
info-install-4.6-1mdk.i586.rpm
initscripts-7.06-49mdk.i586.rpm
iproute2-2.4.7-11mdk.i586.rpm
iptables-1.2.9-5mdk.i586.rpm
iputils-20020927-4mdk.i586.rpm
ipvsadm-1.24-2mdk.i586.rpm
ispell-3.2.06-10mdk.i586.rpm
ispell-en-3.2.06-10mdk.i586.rpm
j2re-1.4.2_04-1mdk.i586.rpm
jadetex-3.12-93mdk.i586.rpm
k3b-0.11.1-15mdk.i586.rpm
kbear-2.1.1-10mdk.i586.rpm
kdbg-1.2.9-3mdk.i586.rpm
kde-i18n-en_GB-3.2.0-4mdk.noarch.rpm
kde-i18n-it-3.2.0-4mdk.noarch.rpm
kdeaddons-3.2-15mdk.i586.rpm
kdeaddons-konqimagegallery-3.2-15mdk.i586.rpm
kdeaddons-noatun-3.2-15mdk.i586.rpm
kdeaddons-searchbar-3.2-15mdk.i586.rpm
kdeartwork-3.2-6mdk.i586.rpm
kdeartwork-kde-classic-3.2-6mdk.i586.rpm
kdebase-common-3.2-79mdk.i586.rpm
kdebase-kate-3.2-79mdk.i586.rpm
kdebase-kdeprintfax-3.2-79mdk.i586.rpm
kdebase-kdm-3.2-79mdk.i586.rpm
kdebase-kdm-config-file-3.2-79mdk.i586.rpm
kdebase-konsole-3.2-79mdk.i586.rpm
kdebase-nsplugins-3.2-79mdk.i586.rpm
kdebase-progs-3.2-79mdk.i586.rpm
kdebase-servicemenu-10.0-7mdk.noarch.rpm
kdegames-3.2-9mdk.i586.rpm
kdegraphics-common-3.2-15mdk.i586.rpm
kdegraphics-kdvi-3.2-15mdk.i586.rpm
kdegraphics-kfax-3.2-15mdk.i586.rpm
kdegraphics-kghostview-3.2-15mdk.i586.rpm
kdegraphics-kooka-3.2-15mdk.i586.rpm
kdegraphics-kpaint-3.2-15mdk.i586.rpm
kdegraphics-ksnapshot-3.2-15mdk.i586.rpm
kdegraphics-kuickshow-3.2-15mdk.i586.rpm
kdegraphics-kview-3.2-15mdk.i586.rpm
kdelibs-common-3.2-36mdk.i586.rpm
kdemultimedia-common-3.2-14mdk.i586.rpm
kdemultimedia-kaudiocreator-3.2-14mdk.i586.rpm
kdemultimedia-kmix-3.2-14mdk.i586.rpm
kdemultimedia-kscd-3.2-14mdk.i586.rpm
kdemultimedia-noatun-3.2-14mdk.i586.rpm
kdenetwork-common-3.2-17.1.100mdk.i586.rpm
kdenetwork-kdict-3.2-17.1.100mdk.i586.rpm
kdenetwork-kget-3.2-17.1.100mdk.i586.rpm
kdenetwork-knewsticker-3.2-17.1.100mdk.i586.rpm
kdenetwork-kopete-3.2-17.1.100mdk.i586.rpm
kdenetwork-krfb-3.2-17.1.100mdk.i586.rpm
kdenetwork-ksirc-3.2-17.1.100mdk.i586.rpm
kdenlive-0.2.3-4mdk.i586.rpm
kdepim-common-3.2-32mdk.i586.rpm
kdepim-kaddressbook-3.2-32mdk.i586.rpm
kdepim-karm-3.2-32mdk.i586.rpm
kdepim-kmail-3.2-32mdk.i586.rpm
kdepim-knode-3.2-32mdk.i586.rpm
kdepim-knotes-3.2-32mdk.i586.rpm
kdepim-kontact-3.2-32mdk.i586.rpm
kdepim-korganizer-3.2-32mdk.i586.rpm
kdesdk-3.2-11mdk.i586.rpm
kdesdk-cervisia-3.2-11mdk.i586.rpm
kdetoys-3.2-6mdk.i586.rpm
kdetoys-kweather-3.2-6mdk.i586.rpm
kdeutils-ark-3.2-18.1.100mdk.i586.rpm
kdeutils-common-3.2-18.1.100mdk.i586.rpm
kdeutils-kcalc-3.2-18.1.100mdk.i586.rpm
kdeutils-kcharselect-3.2-18.1.100mdk.i586.rpm
kdeutils-kdepasswd-3.2-18.1.100mdk.i586.rpm
kdeutils-kdessh-3.2-18.1.100mdk.i586.rpm
kdeutils-kedit-3.2-18.1.100mdk.i586.rpm
kdeutils-kfloppy-3.2-18.1.100mdk.i586.rpm
kdeutils-khexedit-3.2-18.1.100mdk.i586.rpm
kdeutils-kwalletmanager-3.2-18.1.100mdk.i586.rpm
kdevelop-3.0.0-10mdk.i586.rpm
kernel-2.6.3.7mdk-1-1mdk.i586.rpm
kernel-smp-2.6.3.7mdk-1-1mdk.i586.rpm
kernel-source-2.6.3-7mdk.i586.rpm
kimdaba-1.1-2mdk.i586.rpm
krootwarning-10.0-2mdk.i586.rpm
krozat-10.0-6mdk.i586.rpm
lbreakout2-2.4.1-3mdk.i586.rpm
ldconfig-2.3.3-10mdk.i586.rpm
ldetect-0.5.1-2mdk.i586.rpm
ldetect-lst-0.1.9-13mdk.i586.rpm
less-381-2mdk.i586.rpm
lesstif-0.93.94-1mdk.i586.rpm
lftp-2.6.11-2mdk.i586.rpm
libGConf1-1.0.9-15mdk.i586.rpm
libGConf2_4-2.4.0.1-3mdk.i586.rpm
libIDL2_0-0.8.3-1mdk.i586.rpm
libMagick5.5.7-5.5.7.15-6mdk.i586.rpm
libMesaGLU1-5.0.2-2mdk.i586.rpm
libMesaGLU1-devel-5.0.2-2mdk.i586.rpm
libMesaglut3-5.0.2-2mdk.i586.rpm
libORBit0-0.5.17-7mdk.i586.rpm
libORBit2_0-2.8.3-1mdk.i586.rpm
libOpenIPMI1-1.2.7-4mdk.i586.rpm
libOpenSP3-1.5-6mdk.i586.rpm
libSDL1.2-1.2.7-2mdk.i586.rpm
libSDL_gfx10-2.0.10-1mdk.i586.rpm
libSDL_image1.2-1.2.3-3mdk.i586.rpm
libSDL_mixer1.2-1.2.5-3mdk.i586.rpm
libSDL_net1.2-1.2.5-2mdk.i586.rpm
libSDL_ttf2.0-2.0.6-4mdk.i586.rpm
libXaw3d7-1.5-13mdk.i586.rpm
libaa1-1.4.0-0.rc5.8mdk.i586.rpm
libacl1-2.2.22-1mdk.i586.rpm
libadns1-1.0-7mdk.i586.rpm
libalsa-data-1.0.2-3mdk.i586.rpm
libalsa2-1.0.2-3mdk.i586.rpm
libalsa2-devel-1.0.2-3mdk.i586.rpm
libao2-0.8.4-3mdk.i586.rpm
libapr0-2.0.48-6mdk.i586.rpm
libart_lgpl2-2.3.16-1mdk.i586.rpm
libart_lgpl2-devel-2.3.16-1mdk.i586.rpm
libarts1-1.2-3mdk.i586.rpm
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mpage-2.5.3-5mdk.i586.rpm
mplayer-1.0-0.pre3.13.100mdk.i586.rpm
mplayer-gui-1.0-0.pre3.13.100mdk.i586.rpm
msec-0.42.1-1mdk.i586.rpm
mtools-3.9.9-3mdk.i586.rpm
myspell-en_AU-1.0.2-0.20030329.1mdk.noarch.rpm
myspell-en_CA-1.0.2-0.20020315.1mdk.noarch.rpm
myspell-en_GB-1.0.2-0.20021216.1mdk.noarch.rpm
myspell-en_US-1.0.2-0.20020626.1mdk.noarch.rpm
myspell-hyph-en-1.0.2-0.20020727.1mdk.noarch.rpm
myspell-hyph-it-1.0.2-0.20030809.1mdk.noarch.rpm
myspell-it_IT-1.0.2-0.20030731.1mdk.noarch.rpm
ncurses-5.3-1.20040125.4mdk.i586.rpm
ndiswrapper-0.4-1mdk.i586.rpm
net-snmp-mibs-5.1-6mdk.i586.rpm
net-snmp-utils-5.1-6mdk.i586.rpm
net-tools-1.60-10mdk.i586.rpm
netpbm-9.24-8mdk.i586.rpm
netprofile-0.6.3-1mdk.noarch.rpm
nfs-utils-1.0.6-1mdk.i586.rpm
nfs-utils-clients-1.0.6-1mdk.i586.rpm
nmap-3.50-3mdk.i586.rpm
nmap-frontend-3.50-3mdk.i586.rpm
oaf-0.6.10-9mdk.i586.rpm
open-1.4-14mdk.i586.rpm
openjade-1.3.2-9mdk.i586.rpm
openldap-2.1.25-6mdk.i586.rpm
openssh-3.6.1p2-12mdk.i586.rpm
openssh-askpass-gnome-3.6.1p2-12mdk.i586.rpm
openssh-clients-3.6.1p2-12mdk.i586.rpm
openssh-server-3.6.1p2-12mdk.i586.rpm
openssl-0.9.7c-3mdk.i586.rpm
opera-7.23.static-1mdk.i586.rpm
pam-0.77-12mdk.i586.rpm
pango-1.2.5-3mdk.i586.rpm
passwd-0.68-2mdk.i586.rpm
patch-2.5.9-1mdk.i586.rpm
pax-3.0-4mdk.i586.rpm
pciutils-2.1.11-4mdk.i586.rpm
pcmcia-cs-3.2.5-3mdk.i586.rpm
perl-5.8.3-5mdk.i586.rpm
perl-Authen-SASL-2.04-2mdk.noarch.rpm
perl-Authen-Smb-0.91-3mdk.i586.rpm
perl-CGI-3.00-2mdk.noarch.rpm
perl-Convert-ASN1-0.16-4mdk.noarch.rpm
perl-Crypt-SSLeay-0.51-3mdk.i586.rpm
perl-DBI-1.40-2mdk.i586.rpm
perl-Data-ShowTable-3.3-9mdk.noarch.rpm
perl-Digest-HMAC-1.01-11mdk.noarch.rpm
perl-Digest-SHA1-2.04-1mdk.i586.rpm
perl-Expect-1.15-6mdk.noarch.rpm
perl-File-Slurp-2002.1031-3mdk.noarch.rpm
perl-Glib-1.021-3mdk.i586.rpm
perl-Gnome2-Vte-0.02-1mdk.i586.rpm
perl-Gtk2-1.023-3mdk.i586.rpm
perl-Gtk2-TrayIcon-0.03-3mdk.i586.rpm
perl-HTML-Parser-3.35-2mdk.i586.rpm
perl-HTML-Tagset-3.03-7mdk.noarch.rpm
perl-IO-Tty-1.02-9mdk.i586.rpm
perl-Libconf-0.27-1mdk.noarch.rpm
perl-Locale-gettext-1.01-11mdk.i586.rpm
perl-MDK-Common-1.1.11-2mdk.i586.rpm
perl-MailTools-1.59-2mdk.noarch.rpm
perl-Mysql-1.22_19-9mdk.i586.rpm
perl-SDL-1.20.0-8mdk.i586.rpm
perl-SGMLSpm-1.03ii-6mdk.noarch.rpm
perl-Term-Readline-Gnu-1.14-5mdk.i586.rpm
perl-TimeDate-1.16-3mdk.noarch.rpm
perl-Tk-800.024-4mdk.i586.rpm
perl-URI-1.25-1mdk.noarch.rpm
perl-URPM-0.94-11mdk.i586.rpm
perl-XML-NamespaceSupport-1.08-3mdk.noarch.rpm
perl-XML-Parser-2.34-1mdk.i586.rpm
perl-XML-SAX-0.12-3mdk.noarch.rpm
perl-base-5.8.3-5mdk.i586.rpm
perl-devel-5.8.3-5mdk.i586.rpm
perl-ldap-0.31-2mdk.noarch.rpm
perl-libwww-perl-5.76-3mdk.noarch.rpm
php-ini-4.3.4-1mdk.noarch.rpm
php-mysql-4.3.4-1mdk.i586.rpm
piave-0.2.3-4mdk.i586.rpm
pilot-link-0.11.8-5mdk.i586.rpm
pkgconfig-0.15.0-3mdk.i586.rpm
planner-0.11-2mdk.i586.rpm
popt-1.8.2-7mdk.i586.rpm
portmap-4.0-21mdk.i586.rpm
postfix-2.1.0-0.20040209.18mdk.i586.rpm
postgresql-7.4.1-2mdk.i586.rpm
postgresql-server-7.4.1-2mdk.i586.rpm
ppdfilt-0.10-4mdk.i586.rpm
ppp-2.4.1-13mdk.i586.rpm
pptp-linux-1.3.1-1mdk.i586.rpm
pptp-php-gtk-20040102-rc1.i386.rpm
printer-filters-1.0-133mdk.i586.rpm
printer-testpages-1.0-133mdk.i586.rpm
printer-utils-1.0-133mdk.i586.rpm
procmail-3.22-4mdk.i586.rpm
procps-3.1.15-1mdk.i586.rpm
proftpd-1.2.9-3mdk.i586.rpm
proftpd-anonymous-1.2.9-3mdk.i586.rpm
psmisc-21.4-1mdk.i586.rpm
psutils-p17-8mdk.i586.rpm
pwdb-conf-0.61.2-3mdk.i586.rpm
pygtk-0.6.11-4mdk.i586.rpm
pygtk2.0-2.0.0-2mdk.i586.rpm
pygtk2.0-wrapper-2.0.0-2mdk.i586.rpm
python-2.3.3-2mdk.i586.rpm
python-base-2.3.3-2mdk.i586.rpm
python-numeric-23.1-2mdk.i586.rpm
qiv-1.9-1mdk.i586.rpm
qt3-common-3.2.3-17.1.100mdk.i586.rpm
qt3-example-3.2.3-17.1.100mdk.i586.rpm
quanta-3.2-9mdk.i586.rpm
rcs-5.7-6mdk.i586.rpm
rdesktop-1.3.1-2mdk.i586.rpm
rdist-6.1.5-20mdk.i586.rpm
recode-3.6-4mdk.i586.rpm
reiserfsprogs-3.6.11-1mdk.i586.rpm
rfb-0.6.1-7mdk.i586.rpm
rfbdrake-1.0-1mdk.noarch.rpm
rgrep-0.99.16-2mdk.i586.rpm
rmt-0.4b34-2mdk.i586.rpm
rootfiles-9.1-0.1mdk.noarch.rpm
routed-0.17-5mdk.i586.rpm
rpm-4.2.2-7mdk.i586.rpm
rpm-build-4.2.2-7mdk.i586.rpm
rpm-helper-0.9.1-1mdk.noarch.rpm
rpm-python-4.2.2-7mdk.i586.rpm
rpm-rebuilder-0.14-1mdk.noarch.rpm
rpmdrake-2.1.2-12mdk.i586.rpm
rpmlint-0.58-1mdk.noarch.rpm
rpmtools-4.5-19mdk.i586.rpm
rsync-2.6.0-1mdk.i586.rpm
rxvt-2.7.10-9mdk.i586.rpm
samba-client-3.0.2a-3mdk.i586.rpm
samba-common-3.0.2a-3mdk.i586.rpm
samba-server-3.0.2a-3mdk.i586.rpm
samba-swat-3.0.2a-3mdk.i586.rpm
sane-backends-1.0.13-6mdk.i586.rpm
sane-frontends-1.0.11-1mdk.i586.rpm
sash-3.6-5mdk.i586.rpm
scli-0.2.12-3mdk.i586.rpm
screen-4.0.2-1mdk.i586.rpm
scrollkeeper-0.3.14-1mdk.i586.rpm
sed-4.0.9-1mdk.i586.rpm
setup-2.4-3mdk.i586.rpm
sfio-1999-9mdk.i586.rpm
sgml-common-0.6.3-8mdk.noarch.rpm
shadow-utils-4.0.3-7mdk.i586.rpm
sharutils-4.2.1-14mdk.i586.rpm
slocate-2.7-3mdk.i586.rpm
smb4k-0.3.2-2mdk.i586.rpm
sox-12.17.4-2mdk.i586.rpm
spec-helper-0.10.1-1mdk.noarch.rpm
squid-2.5.STABLE4-1mdk.i586.rpm
strace-4.5.1-1mdk.i586.rpm
sudo-1.6.7-0.p5.2mdk.i586.rpm
symlinks-1.2-15mdk.i586.rpm
sysfsutils-0.4.0-1mdk.i586.rpm
sysklogd-1.4.1-5mdk.i586.rpm
syslinux-1.76-11mdk.i586.rpm
t1utils-1.30-1mdk.i586.rpm
tar-1.13.25-11mdk.i586.rpm
tcl-8.4.5-3mdk.i586.rpm
tcp_wrappers-7.6-23mdk.i586.rpm
tcpdump-3.8.1-1mdk.i586.rpm
tcsh-6.12-6mdk.i586.rpm
telnet-client-krb5-1.3-6mdk.i586.rpm
termcap-11.0.1-8mdk.i586.rpm
tetex-2.0.2-14mdk.i586.rpm
tetex-context-2.0.2-14mdk.i586.rpm
tetex-dvips-2.0.2-14mdk.i586.rpm
tetex-latex-2.0.2-14mdk.i586.rpm
texinfo-4.6-1mdk.i586.rpm
tftp-0.34-1mdk.i586.rpm
tightvnc-1.2.9-2mdk.i586.rpm
tightvnc-server-1.2.9-2mdk.i586.rpm
time-1.7-25mdk.i586.rpm
timezone-2.3.3-10mdk.i586.rpm
tk-8.4.5-3mdk.i586.rpm
tkinter-2.3.3-2mdk.i586.rpm
tmpwatch-2.9.0-1mdk.i586.rpm
totem-0.99.9-4mdk.i586.rpm
traceroute-1.4a12-4mdk.i586.rpm
tuxracer-0.61-15mdk.i586.rpm
umb-scheme-3.2-20mdk.i586.rpm
unzip-5.50-9mdk.i586.rpm
urpmi-4.4.5-10mdk.noarch.rpm
urw-fonts-2.0-11mdk.noarch.rpm
usbutils-0.11-5mdk.i586.rpm
usbview-1.0-9mdk.i586.rpm
userdrake-0.92-30mdk.i586.rpm
usermode-1.63-10mdk.i586.rpm
usermode-consoleonly-1.63-10mdk.i586.rpm
utempter-0.5.2-12mdk.i586.rpm
util-linux-2.12-2mdk.i586.rpm
vim-common-6.2-14mdk.i586.rpm
vim-enhanced-6.2-14mdk.i586.rpm
vim-minimal-6.2-14mdk.i586.rpm
vixie-cron-3.0.1-56mdk.i586.rpm
vorbis-tools-1.0.1-3mdk.i586.rpm
vte-0.11.10-5mdk.i586.rpm
webmin-1.140-1.noarch.rpm
wget-1.9.1-4mdk.i586.rpm
which-2.16-1mdk.i586.rpm
words-2-20mdk.noarch.rpm
xchat-2.0.7-6mdk.i586.rpm
xclass-icons-0.6.3-11mdk.i586.rpm
xine-arts-1-0.rc3.6mdk.i586.rpm
xine-plugins-1-0.rc3.6mdk.i586.rpm
xinetd-2.3.13-1mdk.i586.rpm
xinitrc-2.4.8-1mdk.noarch.rpm
xmms-1.2.9-4mdk.i586.rpm
xmms-alsa-1.2.9-4mdk.i586.rpm
xmms-arts-0.7.1-1mdk.i586.rpm
xmms-esd-1.2.9-4mdk.i586.rpm
xmms-mesa-1.2.9-4mdk.i586.rpm
xmms-mikmod-1.2.9-4mdk.i586.rpm
xojpanel-0.91-4mdk.i586.rpm
xpp-1.1-11mdk.i586.rpm
yelp-2.4.2-4mdk.i586.rpm
zcip-4-3mdk.i586.rpm
zip-2.3-10mdk.i586.rpm
zlib1-1.2.1-2mdk.i586.rpm
zlib1-devel-1.2.1-2mdk.i586.rpm

[root@vagante /]# cat /log/urpmi.log
Wed Apr 28 12:23:01 2004 urpmi called with –allow-medium-change –auto –best-output –no-verify-rpm tmdns
Wed Apr 28 12:24:25 2004 /mnt/cdrom/Mandrake/RPMS/tmdns-0.1-12mdk.i586.rpm
Preparing… ##################################################
1:tmdns ##################################################
Wed Apr 28 12:24:28 2004 urpmi called with –allow-medium-change –auto –best-output –no-verify-rpm zcip
Wed Apr 28 12:24:29 2004 /mnt/cdrom/Mandrake/RPMS/zcip-4-3mdk.i586.rpm
Preparing… ##################################################
1:zcip ##################################################
Tue May 11 10:39:29 2004 urpmi called with –allow-medium-change –auto –best-output –no-verify-rpm cups net-tools xpp cups-drivers webfetch
Tue May 11 12:29:28 2004 urpmi called with –allow-medium-change –auto –best-output –no-verify-rpm cups net-tools xpp cups-drivers webfetch
Fri May 14 19:37:20 2004 urpmi called with –allow-medium-change –auto –best-output –no-verify-rpm cups net-tools xpp cups-drivers webfetch
Slackware – Packages logs
Autore: al – Ultimo Aggiornamento: 2004-11-14 10:36:17 – Data di creazione: 2004-11-14 10:36:17
Tipo Infobox: STDOUT – Skill: 3- INTERMEDIATE
The list of the packages installed on Slackware Linux is in the /var/log/packages directory, where there’s a file (with description and installed files list) for each tgz.
If swaret is installed, you can view the log of its activities in /var/log/swaret
root@vagante:/home/al# ls -latr /var/log/packages/
total 7728
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 4561 2004-09-11 22:51 bittorrent-3.4.2-noarch-1
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 1165 2004-09-11 22:51 slackpkg-1.2.2-noarch-4
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 3034 2004-09-11 23:23 linux-wlan-ng-0.2.1pre21_2.6.7-i486-1
[…]
# Package names follow a common logic with the software name – its version – the architecture for which is built
[…]
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 58881 2004-09-12 00:15 kernel-modules-2.4.26-i486-3
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 2524 2004-09-12 00:15 lilo-22.5.9-i486-2
# From the size of these description files you can have a glimpse of its dimensions, since here you find a (always useful) list of the files installed with the package. Make use of this: commands like grep * /usr/sbin/ifconfig can show you what package has provided the specified command
[…]
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 13027 2004-09-12 00:15 pkgtools-10.0.0-i486-1
# The package pgktools installs the basic tools for package management: explore this in order to discover everything about Slack’s packages
[…]
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 7441 2004-09-12 00:17 gcc-3.3.4-i486-1
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 247936 2004-09-12 00:19 glibc-2.3.2-i486-6
# GCC 3.3.4, GLIBC 2.3.2 on standard Slackware 10. Note that most packages are built for 486 architecture (from a standard Intel ISO CDROM install)
[…]
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 74614 2004-09-12 00:30 quanta-3.2.3-i486-1
# Here follow packages installed later, after the initial installation on hard disk
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 5561 2004-09-12 00:51 xcdroast-0.98alpha15-i486-1
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 2416 2004-09-12 01:06 swaret-1.6.2-noarch-1
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 2215 2004-09-12 17:10 slapt-get-0.9.9a-i386-1
# For package management and update, Swaret is a must, but there’s always slapt-get for APT devotes

root@vagante:/home/al# cat /var/log/swaret
Sun Sep 12 01:08:39 CEST 2004: [ GLOBAL ] – swaret –update
# Swaret’s log is interesting. The options –update retrieves the list of current packcages…
Sun Sep 12 01:08:39 CEST 2004: [ update_lists() ] – [ ftp://ftp.nluug.nl/pub/os/Linux/distr/slackware/slackware-current ]
Sun Sep 12 01:08:42 CEST 2004: [ update_lists() ] – ### Fetching CHECKSUMS List File… DONE!
Sun Sep 12 01:08:46 CEST 2004: [ update_lists() ] – ### Fetching FILELIST List File… DONE!
Sun Sep 12 01:08:48 CEST 2004: [ update_lists() ] – ### Fetching PACKAGES List File for Packages… DONE!
Sun Sep 12 01:08:49 CEST 2004: [ update_lists() ] – ### Fetching PACKAGES List File for Extra Packages… DONE!
Sun Sep 12 01:08:50 CEST 2004: [ –changelog ] – ### Fetching ChangeLog… DONE!
Sun Sep 12 01:08:50 CEST 2004: [ update_lists() ] – => Generating List Files… DONE!
Sun Sep 12 01:08:56 CEST 2004: [ GLOBAL ] – swaret –upgrade
Sun Sep 12 01:30:15 CEST 2004: [ function_upgrade() ] – Upgrade alsa-driver-1.0.5a-i486-2 to alsa-driver-1.0.6a_2.4.26-i486-1? (y/n/A/Q): [y]
Sun Sep 12 01:30:15 CEST 2004: [ function_upgrade() ] – Upgrade alsa-lib-1.0.5-i486-1 to alsa-lib-1.0.6-i486-1? (y/n/A/Q): [y]
# The option –upgrade make an update of all the installed packages (you can exclude some of them manually) keeping them up to date with the Slackware-current list
Sun Sep 12 01:30:16 CEST 2004: [ function_upgrade() ] – Upgrade alsa-oss-1.0.5-i486-1 to alsa-oss-1.0.6-i486-1? (y/n/A/Q): [y]
[…]
Sun Sep 12 01:30:26 CEST 2004: [ gfile() ] – ### Fetching alsa-driver-1.0.6a_2.4.26-i486-1 (1485 kB)… DONE!
Sun Sep 12 01:30:26 CEST 2004: [ checksum() ] – => MD5 for Package alsa-driver-1.0.6a_2.4.26-i486-1 OK!
Sun Sep 12 01:30:26 CEST 2004: [ gfile() ] – [ ftp://ftp.nluug.nl/pub/os/Linux/distr/slackware/slackware-current ]
# After the selection of packages to update, each of them is downloaded, MD5 checked and installed
RedHat Fedora – Software management
Autore: al – Ultimo Aggiornamento: 2004-09-09 12:04:54 – Data di creazione: 2004-09-09 12:04:54
Tipo Infobox: DISTRO – Skill: 3- INTERMEDIATE
Fedora’s rpm management has the same logic of all the RedHat versions.
rpm is the command used to handle all the operations on the packages (installation, removal, update…), in Fedora 2 is used rpm version 4.3. Every day (/etc/cron.daily/rpm/) a list of installed packages is placed in /var/log/rpmpkgs.
The rpm database, containing info about the installed rpms, the dependencies and requirements, the accepted GPG keys and MD5 signatures is in the /var/lib/rpm directory.
Note: Previous versions of rpm had a bug tha locked the database during certain operations and blocked all the rpm activities so that only a reboot could solve the problem. A faster solution is to delete the temporary data files called __db.001, __db.002, __db.003 in /var/lib/rpm. These files, if absent, are regenerated when the rpm command is issued.

Fedora provides system-config-packages (previously called redhat-config-packages) a graphical front-end to package management. It’s accessible from the menu: System Settings – Add/Remove Applications and directly during the installation procedure.

An update system is necessary for any modern operating systems and Fedora actually can boast two different default update tools plus various other that can be installed separately.

UP2DATE is the official Red Hat Update Agent, which usually connects to Red Hat Network (RHN) for automatic packages update. A subscription to RHN is required for commercial versions of RedHat Linux and is actually the price you pay for the software. In Fedora up2date actually uses Yum or Apt repositories in different Fedora mirrors worldwide to retrieve packages, so it doesn’t directly downloads packages from RHN and is free as beer.
The list of mirrors used by up2date is in /etc/sysconfig/rhn/sources, the general configuration file is /etc/sysconfig/rhn/up2date and is generated by the up2date-config graphical tool.
An unique identification ID of the system for RHN is placed in /etc/sysconfig/rhn/systemid, the downloaded packages and headers are stored in /var/spool/up2date.

YUM derives from the Yellow Dog distro and has been used by RedHat since Fedora 1. It has fastly become a major and well spread update system and actually does its work well. The configuration file is /etc/yum.conf, packages are downloaded in the /var/cache/yum directory, a log of the updates is /var/log/yum.log. Nightly yum updates can be activated as a normal service. Yum actually is not an always running daemon: a cron job every day checks if a lock file is present (/var/lock/subsys/yum)
before executing, with /etc/init.d/yum status you can see if Yum updates are activated.

Yum, as similar tools, takes care of all the dependencies because it downloads from the source sites the full list of the headers of all the locally installed rpms. The headers (file called “packagename.hdr”) are a compressed text with all the typical information about a package: description, files provided, dependencies, checksums.
With the yum-arch command is possible to create all the headers of the rpms stored is the selected directory, building up what actually is necessary for a Yum repository.
Packages are divided in channels, there are the official ones (base CDROM, official updates, testing updates) and the ones from indipendent RPM builders (the most important ones are Freshmeat and DAG) or software makers.

An automatic update of the system can seem dangerous for a production server, but if this is entirely based on official rpms (without relevant software built from sources) it’s quite safe and advisable.
To be sure to update rpms from a trusted source it’s possibile to force the checking the GPG signature of the new packages against an imported and trusted GPG key.
To import the official GPG key for RedHat’s released packages: rpm –import /usr/share/doc/fedora-release-2/RPM-GPG-KEY. If want to install checked software from other sources you need also to import the relative GPG key.

The number of rpm repositories for Fedora is getting quite large with overlapping software and potential problems if you use some of them together.
The basic scenario is this:
Fedora Updates are the official updates of the software provided with the Fedora CDROMs
Fedora Extras are extra semi-official packages made by the http://www.fedora.us guys (a collaborative effort)
Livna is a repository based of the Fedora extras packages list (must be used with it) featuring software that for various reasons (not totally free licence, impending patents and so on) could not be officially merged with Fedora Extra. Main page: rpm.livna.org
FreshRPMS, DAG, Newrpms, Dries, ATrpms are five different sites, maintained by individuals, with plenty of rpms of different software. The complete merged list of projects is impressive (more than 1500).

The most reasonable choice when using alternative channels for packages is the duo Fedora Extras / Livna OR one or more source from the alternative list.
/etc/yum.conf
Autore: al – Ultimo Aggiornamento: 2004-09-09 12:23:43 – Data di creazione: 2004-09-09 12:23:43
Tipo Infobox: PATH – Skill: 3- INTERMEDIATE
Here’s a sample /etc/yum.conf file with a complete listing of different sources for alternative packages.
Be careful in using many different unofficial sources at the same time, since there can be conflicts and problem with dependiencies.
Various repositories have to be commented out in order to be used. You can decide to update only GPG checked packages uncommenting the gpgcheck=1 line.
In this case you must import the relative GPG key (rpm –import URL) from the listed URL (note that lines beginning with “## GPG Key run:…” must NOT be uncommented).
The file is based on the excellent work of Maxwell Kanat-Alexander (max at fedorafaq dot org), version dated 30 July 2004 and some addings from other sources (drtbalu on http://www.fedoraforum.org/forum/archive/index.php/t-19862.html).

Generally is not advisable to use too many sources at the same time, because there can be conflicts between dependencies. Besides the reccomended Fedora updates, either use Fedora-Extras + Livna (as in this sample) OR one or more from Freshrpms, Dag, Dries, Atprms.
Jpackages, Macromedia and other single-project sources shouble be usable without problems.
[main]
cachedir=/var/cache/yum
debuglevel=2
logfile=/var/log/yum.log
pkgpolicy=newest
distroverpkg=fedora-release
tolerant=1
exactarch=0
# Added this because some mirrors go down and then retying takes forever.
retries=1
# Uncomment below if you want to autoupdate also the kernel rpms (reboot is necessary to use the new kernel, once installed)
# exclude=kernel*

## Basic Fedora ####################

[base]
name=Fedora Core $releasever – $basearch – Base
baseurl=http://mirror.hiwaay.net/redhat/fedora/linux/core/$releasever/$basearch/os
http://rpmfind.net/linux/fedora/core/$releasever/$basearch/os
http://mirror.clarkson.edu/pub/distributions/fedora/linux/core/$releasever/$basearch/os
http://mirrors.usc.edu/pub/linux/fedora/fedora/fedora/$releasever/$basearch/RPMS.os
# http://fedora.redhat.com/releases/fedora-core-$releasever
#gpgcheck=1

#[base-debuginfo]
#name=Fedora Core $releasever – $basearch – Debug Info
#baseurl=http://speakeasy.rpmfind.net/linux/fedora/core/$releasever/$basearch/debug
# http://distro.ibiblio.org/pub/linux/distributions/fedora/linux/core/$releasever/$basearch/debug
# http://mirror.clarkson.edu/pub/distributions/fedora/linux/core/$releasever/$basearch/debug
# http://gulus.usherbrooke.ca/pub/distro/fedora/linux/core/$releasever/$basearch/debug
##gpgcheck=1

[updates-released]
name=Fedora Core $releasever – $basearch – Released Updates
baseurl=http://ftp.ens.utulsa.edu/pub/linux/fedora/core/updates/$releasever/$basearch
http://rpmfind.net/linux/fedora/core/updates/$releasever/$basearch
http://mirror.clarkson.edu/pub/distributions/fedora/linux/core/updates/$releasever/$basearch
http://mirrors.usc.edu/pub/linux/fedora/fedora/fedora/$releasever/$basearch/RPMS.updates
# http://fedora.redhat.com/updates/released/fedora-core-$releasever
#gpgcheck=1

#[updates-testing]
#name=Fedora Core $releasever – $basearch – Unreleased Updates
#baseurl=http://mirrors.usc.edu/pub/linux/fedora/fedora/fedora/$releasever/$basearch/yum/updates-testing
# http://distro.ibiblio.org/pub/linux/distributions/fedora/linux/core/updates/testing/$releasever/$basearch
# http://mirror.clarkson.edu/pub/distributions/fedora/linux/core/updates/testing/$releasever/$basearch
# http://gulus.usherbrooke.ca/pub/distro/fedora/linux/core/updates/testing/$releasever/$basearch
## http://fedora.redhat.com/updates/testing/fedora-core-$releasever
##gpgcheck=1

## Fedora Extras #####################

[fedora-stable]
name=Fedora.us Extras (Stable)
baseurl=http://mirrors.kernel.org/fedora.us/fedora/fedora/$releasever/$basearch/RPMS.stable
http://fedora.quicknet.nl/fedora/fedora/$releasever/$basearch/RPMS.stable
http://mirrors.usc.edu/pub/linux/fedora/fedora/fedora/$releasever/$basearch/RPMS.stable
http://fedora.mirror.sdv.fr/fedora/fedora/$releasever/$basearch/RPMS.stable
http://download.fedora.us/fedora/fedora/$releasever/$basearch/RPMS.stable
#gpgcheck=1

[fedora-unstable]
name=Fedora.us Extras (Unstable)
baseurl=http://mirrors.usc.edu/pub/linux/fedora/fedora/fedora/$releasever/$basearch/RPMS.unstable
http://fedora.mirror.sdv.fr/fedora/fedora/$releasever/$basearch/RPMS.unstable
http://fedora.quicknet.nl/fedora/fedora/$releasever/$basearch/RPMS.unstable
http://mirrors.kernel.org/fedora.us/fedora/fedora/$releasever/$basearch/RPMS.unstable
http://download.fedora.us/fedora/fedora/$releasever/$basearch/RPMS.unstable
#gpgcheck=1

[fedora-testing]
name=Fedora.us Extras (Testing)
baseurl=http://download.fedora.us/fedora/fedora/$releasever/$basearch/RPMS.testing
http://fedora.quicknet.nl/fedora/fedora/$releasever/$basearch/RPMS.testing
http://fedora.mirror.sdv.fr/fedora/fedora/$releasever/$basearch/RPMS.testing
http://mirrors.kernel.org/fedora.us/fedora/fedora/$releasever/$basearch/RPMS.testing
http://mirrors.usc.edu/pub/linux/fedora/fedora/fedora/$releasever/$basearch/RPMS.testing
#gpgcheck=1

## Livna.org #################

[livna-stable]
name=Livna.org – Fedora Compatible Packages (stable)
baseurl=http://rpm.livna.org/fedora/$releasever/$basearch/yum/stable
http://livna.cat.pdx.edu/fedora/$releasever/$basearch/yum/stable
#gpgcheck=1
## GPG Key run: rpm –import http://rpm.livna.org/RPM-LIVNA-GPG-KEY

[livna-unstable]
name=Livna.org – Fedora Compatible Packages (unstable)
baseurl=http://rpm.livna.org/fedora/$releasever/$basearch/yum/unstable
http://livna.cat.pdx.edu/fedora/$releasever/$basearch/yum/unstable
#gpgcheck=1

[livna-testing]
name=Livna.org – Fedora Compatible Packages (testing)
baseurl=http://rpm.livna.org/fedora/$releasever/$basearch/yum/testing
http://livna.cat.pdx.edu/fedora/$releasever/$basearch/yum/testing
#gpgcheck=1

## Jpackage #############
# JPackage is a GREAT repository for Java Software.
# However, you may have to compile some SRPMs to use it,
# so it’s commented out by default. See
#
# For the SRPMs, and for the general details.
#
# Note: JPackage IS compatible with the fedora.us repositories.
# You can use JPackage and fedora.us at the same time, without
# any trouble.

#[jpackage-generic]
#name=JPackage Cross-Platform Packages
#baseurl=http://aleron.dl.sourceforge.net/sourceforge/jpackage/direct_download/1.5/generic/free
# http://heanet.dl.sourceforge.net/sourceforge/jpackage/direct_download/1.5/generic/free
# http://umn.dl.sourceforge.net/sourceforge/jpackage/direct_download/1.5/generic/free
#failovermethod=priority
#gpgcheck=1
## GPG Key run: rpm –import http://www.jpackage.org/jpackage.asc

#[jpackage-fedora]
#name=JPackage Fedora Packages
#baseurl=http://aleron.dl.sourceforge.net/sourceforge/jpackage/direct_download/1.5/fedora-$releasever/free
# http://heanet.dl.sourceforge.net/sourceforge/jpackage/direct_download/1.5/fedora-$releasever/free
# http://umn.dl.sourceforge.net/sourceforge/jpackage/direct_download/1.5/fedora-$releasever/free
#failovermethod=priority
##gpgcheck=1

## Alternate Repositories ##############################
# Uncomment these to use them — note that some packages
# from these repositories may conflict with the fedora.us
# packages. If you use these repositories, you may wish to
# comment-out the fedora.us and livna.org repositories.

#[freshrpms]
#name=FreshRPMs
#baseurl=http://ayo.freshrpms.net/fedora/linux/$releasever/$basearch/freshrpms/
# http://ftp.us2.freshrpms.net/linux/freshrpms/ayo/fedora/linux/$releasever/$basearch/freshrpms/
#gpgcheck=1
## GPG Key run:rpm –import http://freshrpms.net/packages/RPM-GPG-KEY.txt

#[dag]
#name=Dag APT Repository
#baseurl=http://dag.freshrpms.net/fedora/$releasever/en/$basearch/dag
# http://dag.atrpms.net/fedora/$releasever/en/$basearch/dag/
# http://ftp.heanet.ie/pub/freshrpms/pub/dag/fedora/$releasever/en/$basearch/dag
#gpgcheck=1
## GPG Key run: rpm –import http://dag.wieers.com/packages/RPM-GPG-KEY.dag.txt

#[dries]
#name=Extra Fedora rpms dries – $releasever – $basearch
#baseurl=http://apt.sw.be/dries/fedora/linux/$releasever/$basearch/dries
#gpgcheck=1
## GPG Key run: rpm –import http://dries.studentenweb.org/ayo/RPM-GPG-KEY.dries.txt

#[spc-production]
#name=Subpop.net (Production)
#baseurl=http://rpms.subpop.net/fedora/linux/$releasever/$basearch/production
#gpgcheck=1
## GPG Key run: rpm –import http://rpms.subpop.net/RPM-GPG-KEY.spc.txt

#[newrpms]
#name=NewRPMs
#baseurl=http://newrpms.sunsite.dk/apt/redhat/en/$basearch/fc$releasever
# http://newrpms.atrpms.net/apt/redhat/en/$basearch/fc$releasever
#gpgcheck=1
## GPG Key run: rpm –import http://newrpms.sunsite.dk/gpg-pubkey-newrpms.txt

#[atrpms-stable]
#name=ATrpms – Stable (Most Stable)
#baseurl=http://apt.physik.fu-berlin.de/fedora/$releasever/en/$basearch/at-stable
# http://ftp-stud.fht-esslingen.de/atrpms/download.atrpms.net/fedora/$releasever/en/$basearch/at-stable
# http://wftp.tu-chemnitz.de/pub/linux/ATrpms/fedora/$releasever/en/$basearch/at-stable
#gpgcheck=1
## GPG Key run: rpm –import http://atrpms.net/RPM-GPG-KEY.atrpms

#[atrpms-good]
#name=ATrpms – Good (2nd Most Stable)
#baseurl=http://ftp-stud.fht-esslingen.de/atrpms/download.atrpms.net/fedora/$releasever/en/$basearch/at-good
# http://apt.physik.fu-berlin.de/fedora/$releasever/en/$basearch/at-good
# http://wftp.tu-chemnitz.de/pub/linux/ATrpms/fedora/$releasever/en/$basearch/at-good
#gpgcheck=1

#[atrpms-testing]
#name=ATrpms – Testing (3rd Most Stable)
#baseurl=http://wftp.tu-chemnitz.de/pub/linux/ATrpms/fedora/$releasever/en/$basearch/at-testing
# http://apt.physik.fu-berlin.de/fedora/$releasever/en/$basearch/at-testing
# http://ftp-stud.fht-esslingen.de/atrpms/download.atrpms.net/fedora/$releasever/en/$basearch/at-testing
#gpgcheck=1

#[atrpms-bleeding]
#name=ATrpms – Bleeding (Least Stable)
#baseurl=http://apt.physik.fu-berlin.de/fedora/$releasever/en/$basearch/at-bleeding
# http://ftp-stud.fht-esslingen.de/atrpms/download.atrpms.net/fedora/$releasever/en/$basearch/at-bleeding
# http://wftp.tu-chemnitz.de/pub/linux/ATrpms/fedora/$releasever/en/$basearch/at-bleeding
#gpgcheck=1

#[li.stable]
#name=Fedora Linux $releasever – i586 – li (stable)
#baseurl=http://apt.ling.li/fedora/$releasever/i586/li
#gpgcheck=1
## GPG Key run: rpm –import http://apt.ling.li/RPM-GPG-KEY.txt

#[li.unstable]
#name=Fedora Linux $releasever – i586 – li (unstable)
#baseurl=http://apt.ling.li/fedora/$releasever/i586/unstable
#gpgcheck=1

## Miscellaneous #####################

[macromedia.mplug.org]
name=macromedia.mplug.org – Flash Plugin
baseurl=http://macromedia.mplug.org/apt/fedora/$releasever
http://sluglug.ucsc.edu/macromedia/apt/fedora/$releasever
http://ruslug.rutgers.edu/macromedia/apt/fedora/$releasever
http://macromedia.rediris.es/apt/fedora/$releasever
#gpgcheck=1
## GPG Key run: rpm –import http://ruslug.rutgers.edu/macromedia/gpg-publickey.txt

Debian – Package management
Autore: neo – ( Revisione: al ) – Ultimo Aggiornamento: 2004-09-17 23:56:05 – Data di creazione: 2004-09-17 23:56:05
Tipo Infobox: DISTRO – Skill: 3- INTERMEDIATE
Debian has introduced in the Linux world the .deb format for its packages, which are equivalent, but not compatible with the rpm packages.
The basic command tool used to install, remove, query and update packages is dpkg (corrisponds to the rpm program) but most Debian administrators use apt to manage the software on their system, because it brilliantly manage dependencies, updates, upgrades from stable to testing versions and handling of different download sources (there’s a port of apt for rpm and tgz, and equivalent tools like yum or urpmi on rpm based systems).
dselect is another well known tool, which basically is a menu based frontend to dpkg, which presentes packages grouped in different cathegories.
APT logic is very simple, in /etc/apt/source.lst there’s the list of the sources (local filsystem, http, ftp sites) for the deb packages to install or update on the system.
In /var/cache/apt/ are placed downloaded packages and the list of headers retrieved from sources.

Apt basic syntax
apt-get update – Retrieves the list of downloadable packages from the configured sources.
apt-get upgrade – Upgrades the locally installed packages that have more recent updates.
apt-get install synaptic – Installs the specified package (in this example “synaptic”)
apt-get remove sendmail – Removes the specified package (checking for dependencies and keeping modified configuration files)
apt-get purge sendmail – Completely removes the specified package even modified configration files
apt-get -u dist-upgrade – Upgrades the complete system the a new Debian release.

There are several text and graphical front-ends that can help software management operations:
aptitude – Advanced text and command line front end for APT
synaptic – Attractive Gtk GUI front end for APT
dselect – Menu-driven package manager
tasksel – Task installer

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